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Solutions for Chapter 2: The Sky

Full solutions for Foundations of Astronomy | 11th Edition

ISBN: 9781439050354

Solutions for Chapter 2: The Sky

Chapter 2: The Sky includes 17 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Foundations of Astronomy was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781439050354. Since 17 problems in chapter 2: The Sky have been answered, more than 3114 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Foundations of Astronomy, edition: 11.

Key Science Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Advection

    Horizontal convective motion, such as wind.

  • Asthenosphere

    A subdivision of the mantle situated below the lithosphere. This zone of weak material exists below a depth of about 100 kilometers and in some regions extends as deep as 700 kilometers. The rock within this zone is easily deformed.

  • Batholith

    A large mass of igneous rock that formed when magma was emplaced at depth, crystallized, and subsequently exposed by erosion.

  • Beach nourishment

    The process by which large quantities of sand are added to the beach system to offset losses caused by wave erosion.

  • Bed load

    Sediment that is carried by a stream along the bottom of its channel.

  • Cryovolcanism

    A type of volcanism that results from the eruption of magmas derived from the partial melting of ice.

  • Crystal form

    See Habit.

  • Elements of weather and climate

    Those quantities or properties of the atmosphere that are measured regularly and that are used to express the nature of weather and climate.

  • Evolution (Theory of)

    A fundamental theory in biology and paleontology that sets forth the process by which members of a population of organisms come to differ from their ancestors. Organisms evolve by means of mutations, natural selection, and genetic factors. Modern species are descended from related but different species that lived in earlier times.

  • Focal length

    The distance from the lens to the point where it focuses parallel rays of light.

  • Island arc

    See Volcanic island arc.

  • Latent heat

    The energy absorbed or released during a change in state.

  • Lithosphere

    The rigid outer layer of Earth, including the crust and upper mantle.

  • Magnetic reversal

    A change in Earth’s magnetic field from normal to reverse or vice versa.

  • Metallic bond

    A chemical bond present in all metals that may be characterized as an extreme type of electron sharing in which the electrons move freely from atom to atom.

  • Population II

    Stars poor in atoms heavier than helium. Nearly always relatively old stars found in the halo, globular clusters, or nuclear bulge.

  • Primary (P) wave

    A type of seismic wave that involves alternating compression and expansion of the material through which it passes.

  • Right ascension

    An angular distance measured eastward along the celestial equator from the vernal equinox. Used with declination in a coordinate system to describe the position of celestial bodies.

  • Stress

    The force per unit area acting on any surface within a solid.

  • Volcanic island arc

    A chain of volcanic islands generally located a few hundred kilometers from a trench where active subduction of one oceanic slab beneath another is occurring.

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