- 4.1: Pluto, unlike any of the other planets in size, composition, and or...
- 4.2: The largest planets are found orbiting a. near the Sun. b. at great...
- 4.3: Compared to Earths distance from the Sun, Jupiters distance is abou...
- 4.4: If Neptune is 4 times larger than Earth and Mars is half the size o...
- 4.5: What is an asteroid? What is a trans-Neptunian object? In what ways...
- 4.6: What are the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt, and the Oort cloud? Wh...
- 4.7: In what ways is Pluto similar to a terrestrial planet? In what ways...
- 4.8: What is the connection between comets and the Kuiper belt? between ...
- 4.9: Imagine a trans-Neptunian object with roughly the same mass as Eart...
- 4.10: Consider a hypothetical trans-Neptunian object located 100 AU from ...
- 4.11: What is the nebular hypothesis? 1
- 4.12: What is a protosun? What causes it to shine? Into what does it evol...
- 4.13: What are proplyds? What do they tell us about the plausibility of o...
- 4.14: (a) What is meant by accretion? (b) Why are the terrestrial planets...
- 4.15: Explain how our current understanding of the formation of the solar...
- 4.16: Explain why most of the satellites of Jupiter orbit that planet in ...
- 4.17: What is the radial velocity method used to detect planets orbiting ...
Solutions for Chapter 4: Exploring Our Evolving Solar System
Full solutions for Investigating Astronomy: A Conceptual View of the Universe | 1st Edition
The concept that Earth was shaped by catastrophic events of a short-term nature.
A phenomenon of light by which otherwise identical objects may be differentiated.
Cone of depression
A cone-shaped depression in the water table immediately surrounding a well.
A permanent stream that traverses a desert and has its source in well-watered areas outside the desert.
The boundary between two adjoining air masses having contrasting characteristics.
The solid Earth, the largest of Earth’s four major spheres.
A ridge of till along the sides of an alpine glacier composed primarily of debris that fell to the glacier from the valley walls.
Tunnel in hardened lava that acts as a horizontal conduit for lava flowing from a volcanic vent. Lava tubes allow fluid lavas to advance great distances.
A phenomenon, sometimes associated with earthquakes, in which soils and other unconsolidated materials containing abundant water are turned into a fluid-like mass that is not capable of supporting buildings.
Marine west coast climate
A climate found on windward coasts from latitudes 40–65 degrees and dominated by maritime air masses. Winters are mild and summers are cool
Lowest tidal range, occurring near the times of the first- and third-quarter phases of the Moon.
Layers of sediments are generally deposited in a horizontal or nearly horizontal position.
The systematic study of fossils and the history of life on Earth.
A common measure of the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution, it is a logarithmic scale ranging from 0 to 14. A value of 7 denotes a neutral solution, values below 7 indicate greater acidity, and numbers above 7 indicate greater alkalinity.
Pollutants that are produced in the atmosphere by chemical reactions that occur among primary pollutants.
The cloud of interstellar gas and/or dust from which the bodies of our solar system formed.
The conversion of a solid directly to a gas without passing through the liquid state.
A system of streams in which nearly parallel tributaries occupy valleys cut in folded strata.
The central, completely dark part of a shadow produced during an eclipse.
A mountain formed of lava and/or pyroclastics.