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Solutions for Chapter 5: Uncovering Earths Systems

Full solutions for Investigating Astronomy: A Conceptual View of the Universe | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9781429210638

Solutions for Chapter 5: Uncovering Earths Systems

Chapter 5: Uncovering Earths Systems includes 13 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Investigating Astronomy: A Conceptual View of the Universe, edition: 1. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Investigating Astronomy: A Conceptual View of the Universe was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781429210638. Since 13 problems in chapter 5: Uncovering Earths Systems have been answered, more than 1330 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Science Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Air pressure

    The force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a given point.

  • Barometer

    An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure.

  • Biomass

    The total mass of a defined organism or group of organisms in a particular area or ecosystem.

  • Cloud

    A form of condensation best described as a dense concentration of suspended water droplets or tiny ice crystals.

  • Compressional mountains

    Mountains in which great horizontal forces have shortened and thickened the crust. Most major mountain belts are of this type.

  • Dune

    A hill or ridge of wind-deposited sand.

  • Earth system science

    An interdisciplinary study that seeks to examine Earth as a system composed of numerous interacting parts or subsystems.

  • Geostrophic wind

    A wind, usually above a height of 600 meters (2,000 feet), that blows parallel to the isobars.

  • Negative feedback mechanism

    A feedback mechanism that tends to maintain a system as it is—that is, maintain the status quo.

  • Obsidian

    A volcanic glass of felsic composition.

  • Parallax

    The apparent shift of an object when viewed from two different locations.

  • Perihelion

    The point in the orbit of a planet where it is closest to the Sun.

  • pH scale

    A common measure of the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution, it is a logarithmic scale ranging from 0 to 14. A value of 7 denotes a neutral solution, values below 7 indicate greater acidity, and numbers above 7 indicate greater alkalinity.

  • Source region

    The area where an air mass acquires its characteristic properties of temperature and moisture.

  • Subduction zone

    A long, narrow zone where one lithospheric plate descends beneath another.

  • Tarn

    A small lake in a cirque.

  • Temperature

    A measure of the degree of hotness or coldness of a substance; a measure of the average kinetic energy of individual atoms or molecules in a substance.

  • Tenacity

    Describes a mineral’s toughness or its resistance to breaking or deforming.

  • Unstable air

    Air that does not resist vertical displacement. If it is lifted, its temperature will not cool as rapidly as the surrounding environment, so it will continue to rise on its own.

  • Urban heat island

    The fact that temperatures within a city are generally higher than in surrounding rural areas.

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