- 5.1: P-type seismic waves are observed a. everywhere on Earth, except in...
- 5.2: P-type seismic waves will a. pass through liquid, just as S waves d...
- 5.3: Earths inner core and outer core take up about a. half the size of ...
- 5.4: Compared to Earths outer core, Earths inner core is a. liquid, just...
- 5.5: What are the different types of seismic waves? Why are seismic wave...
- 5.6: Describe the interior structure of Earth.
- 5.7: The deepest wells and mines go down only a few kilometers. What, th...
- 5.8: Describe the process of plate tectonics. Give specific examples of ...
- 5.9: Explain how convection in Earths interior drives the process of pla...
- 5.10: What are the differences among igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphi...
- 5.11: Describe Earths magnetosphere. If Earth did not have a magnetic fie...
- 5.12: Ozone and carbon dioxide each make up only a fraction of a percent ...
- 5.13: What is the difference between ozone depletion and global warming?
Solutions for Chapter 5: Uncovering Earths Systems
Full solutions for Investigating Astronomy: A Conceptual View of the Universe | 1st Edition
The force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a given point.
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure.
The total mass of a defined organism or group of organisms in a particular area or ecosystem.
A form of condensation best described as a dense concentration of suspended water droplets or tiny ice crystals.
Mountains in which great horizontal forces have shortened and thickened the crust. Most major mountain belts are of this type.
A hill or ridge of wind-deposited sand.
Earth system science
An interdisciplinary study that seeks to examine Earth as a system composed of numerous interacting parts or subsystems.
A wind, usually above a height of 600 meters (2,000 feet), that blows parallel to the isobars.
Negative feedback mechanism
A feedback mechanism that tends to maintain a system as it is—that is, maintain the status quo.
A volcanic glass of felsic composition.
The apparent shift of an object when viewed from two different locations.
The point in the orbit of a planet where it is closest to the Sun.
A common measure of the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution, it is a logarithmic scale ranging from 0 to 14. A value of 7 denotes a neutral solution, values below 7 indicate greater acidity, and numbers above 7 indicate greater alkalinity.
The area where an air mass acquires its characteristic properties of temperature and moisture.
A long, narrow zone where one lithospheric plate descends beneath another.
A small lake in a cirque.
A measure of the degree of hotness or coldness of a substance; a measure of the average kinetic energy of individual atoms or molecules in a substance.
Describes a mineral’s toughness or its resistance to breaking or deforming.
Air that does not resist vertical displacement. If it is lifted, its temperature will not cool as rapidly as the surrounding environment, so it will continue to rise on its own.
Urban heat island
The fact that temperatures within a city are generally higher than in surrounding rural areas.