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Solutions for Chapter 6: Exploring Terrestrial Surface Processes and Atmospheres

Full solutions for Investigating Astronomy: A Conceptual View of the Universe | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9781429210638

Solutions for Chapter 6: Exploring Terrestrial Surface Processes and Atmospheres

Chapter 6: Exploring Terrestrial Surface Processes and Atmospheres includes 10 full step-by-step solutions. Investigating Astronomy: A Conceptual View of the Universe was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781429210638. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Investigating Astronomy: A Conceptual View of the Universe, edition: 1. Since 10 problems in chapter 6: Exploring Terrestrial Surface Processes and Atmospheres have been answered, more than 1331 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Science Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Air mass

    A large body of air that is characterized by a sameness of temperature and humidity.

  • Benthos

    The forms of marine life that live on or in the ocean bottom.

  • Coriolis force (effect)

    The deflective force of Earth’s rotation on all free-moving objects, including the atmosphere and oceans. Deflection is to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere.

  • Cutoff

    A short channel segment created when a river erodes through the narrow neck of land between meanders.

  • Density

    Mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed as grams per cubic centimeter

  • Distributary

    A section of a stream that leaves the main flow.

  • Evapotranspiration

    The combined effect of evaporation and transpiration.

  • Halocline

    A layer of water in which there is a high rate of change in salinity in the vertical dimension.

  • Inclusion

    A piece of one rock unit contained within another. Inclusions are used in relative dating. The rock mass adjacent to the one containing the inclusion must have been there first in order to provide the fragment.

  • Isobar

    A line drawn on a map connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure, usually corrected to sea level.

  • Modified

    Mercalli intensity scale A 12-point scale developed to evaluate earthquake intensity based on the amount of damage to various structures.

  • Mohorovicˆi´c; discontinuity (Moho)

    The boundary separating the crust from the mantle, discernible by an increase in seismic velocity.

  • Neritic zone

    The marine-life zone that extends from the low tideline out to the shelf break.

  • Parabolic dunes

    The shape of these dunes resembles barchans, except their tips point into the wind; they often form along coasts that have strong onshore winds, abundant sand, and vegetation that partly covers the sand.

  • Radiometric dating

    The procedure of calculating the absolute ages of rocks and minerals that contain radioactive isotopes.

  • Soil taxonomy

    A soil classification system consisting of six hierarchical categories based on observable soil characteristics. The system recognizes 12 soil orders.

  • Spectroscopy

    The study of spectra.

  • Stress

    The force per unit area acting on any surface within a solid.

  • Terrane

    A crustal block bounded by faults, whose geologic history is distinct from the histories of adjoining crustal blocks.

  • Tropopause

    The boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere.

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