- 2.1: Review the Key Questions and Concepts for this chapter on p. 32. De...
- 2.2: What is science? Describe the steps involved in a scientific proces...
- 2.3: Explain why scientific theories and laws are the most important and...
- 2.4: Distinguish among tentative science (frontier science), reliable sc...
- 2.5: What is matter? Distinguish between an element and a compound and g...
- 2.6: What is a chemical formula? Distinguish between organic compounds a...
- 2.7: Distinguish between a physical change and a chemical change (chemic...
- 2.8: What is energy? Distinguish between kinetic energy and potential en...
- 2.9: Define and give an example of a system. Distinguish among the input...
- 2.10: What are this chapters three big ideas? Relate the three principles...
Solutions for Chapter 2: Science, Matter, Energy, and Systems
Full solutions for Living in the Environment: Principles, Connections, and Solutions | 17th Edition
A slow motion of Earth’s axis that traces out a cone over a period of 26,000 years.
Two stars revolving around a common center of mass under their mutual gravitational attraction.
That portion of the seafloor adjacent to the continents. It may include the continental shelf, continental slope, and continental rise.
A roughly circular upfolded structure similar to an anticline.
An instrument used to determine the depth of water by measuring the time interval between emission of a sound signal and the return of its echo from the bottom.
Large, dome-shaped structure, usually composed of granite, formed by sheeting.
A term found on some versions of the geologic time scale. It refers to the earliest interval (eon) of Earth history, and ended 4 billion years ago.
Organic matter in soil produced by the decomposition of plants and animals.
A tropical cyclonic storm having winds in excess of 119 kilometers (74 miles) per hour.
Longitudinal (seif dunes)
Long ridges of sand oriented parallel to the prevailing wind; these dunes form where sand supplies are limited.
A lunar rock formed when angular fragments and dust are welded together by the heat generated by the impact of a meteoroid.
The 2,900-kilometer- (1,800-mile-) thick layer of Earth located below the crust.
A mass of hotter-than-normal mantle material that ascends toward the surface, where it may lead to igneous activity. These plumes of solid yet mobile material may originate as deep as the core–mantle boundary.
An imaginary volume of air enclosed in a thin elastic cover. Typically it is considered to be a few hundred cubic meters in volume and is assumed to act independently of the surrounding air.
Open ocean of any depth. Animals in this zone swim or float freely.
A relatively dense dust cloud in interstellar space that is illuminated by starlight.
A local wind blowing from the sea during the afternoon in coastal areas.
A measure of the degree of hotness or coldness of a substance; a measure of the average kinetic energy of individual atoms or molecules in a substance.
A relatively narrow body of stratified drift deposited on a valley floor by meltwater streams that issue from a valley glacier.