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Solutions for Chapter 4: Biodiversity and Evolution

Full solutions for Living in the Environment: Principles, Connections, and Solutions | 17th Edition

ISBN: 9780538735346

Solutions for Chapter 4: Biodiversity and Evolution

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Living in the Environment: Principles, Connections, and Solutions was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780538735346. Chapter 4: Biodiversity and Evolution includes 10 full step-by-step solutions. Since 10 problems in chapter 4: Biodiversity and Evolution have been answered, more than 7948 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Living in the Environment: Principles, Connections, and Solutions, edition: 17.

Key Science Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Angular unconformity

    An unconformity in which the strata below dip at an angle different from that of the beds above.

  • Artesian well

    A well in which the water rises above the level where it was initially encountered.

  • Biosphere

    The totality of life on Earth; the parts of the solid Earth, hydrosphere, and atmosphere in which living organisms can be found.

  • Corona

    The outer, tenuous layer of the solar atmosphere.

  • Doppler effect

    The apparent change in wavelength of radiation caused by the relative motions of the source and the observer.

  • Eukaryotes

    An organism whose genetic material is enclosed in a nucleus; plants, animals, and fungi are eukaryotes.

  • Evaporation

    The process of converting a liquid to a gas.

  • Fossil succession

    Fossil organisms that succeed one another in a definite and determinable order, and any time period can be recognized by its fossil content.

  • Glacial erratic

    An ice-transported boulder that was not derived from bedrock near its present site.

  • Horst

    An elongated, uplifted block of crust bounded by faults.

  • Ice shelf

    Forming where glacial ice flows into bays, it is a large, relatively flat mass of floating ice that extends seaward from the coast but remains attached to the land along one or more sides.

  • Ionic bond

    A chemical bond between two oppositely charged ions formed by the transfer of valence electrons from one atom to the other.

  • Mantle plume

    A mass of hotter-than-normal mantle material that ascends toward the surface, where it may lead to igneous activity. These plumes of solid yet mobile material may originate as deep as the core–mantle boundary.

  • Outwash plain

    A relatively flat, gently sloping plain consisting of materials deposited by meltwater streams in front of the margin of an ice sheet.

  • Polar (P) air mass

    A cold air mass that forms in a high-latitude source region. Polar easterlies In the global pattern of prevailing winds, winds that blow from the polar high toward the subpolar low. These winds, however, should not be thought of as persistent winds, such as the trade winds.

  • Reserve

    Already identified deposits from which minerals can be extracted profitably.

  • Supercontinent cycle

    The idea that the rifting and dispersal of one supercontinent is followed by a long period during which the fragments gradually reassemble into a new supercontinent.

  • Trade winds

    Two belts of winds that blow almost constantly from easterly directions and are located on the equatorward sides of the subtropical highs.

  • Turbidite

    Turbidity current deposit characterized by graded bedding.

  • Zodiac

    A band along the ecliptic containing the 12 constellations of the zodiac.