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Solutions for Chapter 1.4: Measures of Fluid Mass and Weight
Full solutions for Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics | 8th Edition
A large wedge-shaped mass of sediment that accumulates in subduction zones. Here, sediment is scraped from the subducting oceanic plate and accreted to the overriding crustal block.
An unconformity in which the strata below dip at an angle different from that of the beds above.
A pipelike opening through which magma moves toward Earth’s surface. It terminates at a surface opening called a vent.
Changes in rock caused by the heat from a nearby magma body.
The condition that exists when the distribution of winds within a given area results in a net horizontal outflow of air from the region. In divergence at lower levels the resulting deficit is compensated for by a downward movement of air from aloft; hence, areas of divergent winds are unfavorable to cloud formation and precipitation.
A method of locating stellar objects much like the coordinate system used on Earth’s surface.
Dark, thin streaks that appear across the bright solar disk.
Solid particles that serve as cores for the formation of ice crystals.
Depressions that are the result of collisions with bodies such as asteroids and comets.
A fossil that is associated with a particular span of geologic time.
The liquid portion of magma, excluding the solid crystals.
The systematic study of fossils and the history of life on Earth.
The eon following the Archean and preceding the Phanerozoic. It extends between about 2,500 million (2.5 billion) and 540 million years ago.
The ratio of the air’s watervapor content to its water-vapor capacity.
A magnetic field opposite to that which exists at present.
The maximum quantity of water vapor that the air can hold at any given temperature and pressure.
A flow of groundwater that emerges naturally at the ground surface.
The study of the large-scale processes that collectively deform Earth’s crust.
The horizontal distance separating successive crests or troughs.