- 4.4.1 LL: Even for the simplest flows it is often not easy to visuallyreprese...
- 4.4.2 LL: For centuries people have obtained qualitative and quantitativeinfo...
- 4.4.3 LL: Flow visualization is direct observation of the flow field,usually ...
Solutions for Chapter 4: Fluid Kinematics
Full solutions for Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics | 8th Edition
Smaller earthquakes that follow the main earthquake.
A continuous or broken ring of coral reef surrounding a central lagoon.
The mean temperature for a day that is determined by averaging the 24 hourly readings or, more commonly, by averaging the maximum and minimum temperatures for a day.
The variation in the rate and degree of weathering caused by such factors as mineral makeup, degree of jointing, and climate.
Very small galaxies, usually elliptical and lacking spiral arms.
A luminous star of large radius.
The kinetic energy of random molecular motion.
A very large, thick mass of glacial ice flowing outward in all directions from one or more accumulation centers.
The Jupiter-like planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. These planets have relatively low densities.
The height to which convectional movements extend above Earth’s surface. The greater the mixing depth, the better the air quality.
The basic idea that the Sun and planets formed from the same cloud of gas and dust in interstellar space.
Nonmetallic mineral resource
Mineral resource that is not a fuel or processed for the metals it contains.
A chemical reaction in the atmosphere that is triggered by sunlight, often yielding a secondary pollutant.
A crescent-shaped accumulation of sand and gravel deposited on the inside of a meander.
Stars rich in atoms heavier than helium. Nearly always relatively young stars found in the disk of the galaxy.
Structures that are deposited by algae and consist of layered mounds of calcium carbonate.
The idea that the rifting and dispersal of one supercontinent is followed by a long period during which the fragments gradually reassemble into a new supercontinent.
Describes a mineral’s toughness or its resistance to breaking or deforming.
The vertical distance between the trough and crest of a wave.