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Solutions for Chapter 4: Exploring Geology 3rd Edition

Exploring Geology | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077598570 | Authors: Stephen Reynolds, Julia Johnson, Paul Morin, Chuck Carter

Full solutions for Exploring Geology | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780077598570

Exploring Geology | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780077598570 | Authors: Stephen Reynolds, Julia Johnson, Paul Morin, Chuck Carter

Solutions for Chapter 4

Solutions for Chapter 4
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Textbook: Exploring Geology
Edition: 3
Author: Stephen Reynolds, Julia Johnson, Paul Morin, Chuck Carter
ISBN: 9780077598570

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Exploring Geology , edition: 3. Chapter 4 includes 107 full step-by-step solutions. Since 107 problems in chapter 4 have been answered, more than 28741 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Exploring Geology was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780077598570. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Science Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Banded iron formations

    A finely layered iron and silica-rich (chert) layer deposited mainly during the Precambrian.

  • Barometer

    An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure.

  • Bowen’s reaction series

    A concept proposed by N. L. Bowen that illustrates the relationships between magma and the minerals crystallizing from it during the formation of igneous rocks.

  • Divergence

    The condition that exists when the distribution of winds within a given area results in a net horizontal outflow of air from the region. In divergence at lower levels the resulting deficit is compensated for by a downward movement of air from aloft; hence, areas of divergent winds are unfavorable to cloud formation and precipitation.

  • Earthquake

    The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy.

  • El Niño

    The name given to the periodic warming of the ocean that occurs in the central and eastern Pacific. A major El Niño episode can cause extreme weather in many parts of the world.

  • Fracture zone

    Any break or rupture in rock along which no appreciable movement has taken place.

  • Glacial erratic

    An ice-transported boulder that was not derived from bedrock near its present site.

  • Globule

    A dense, dark nebula thought to be the birthplace of stars.

  • Inertia

    A property of matter that resists a change in its motion.

  • Neutron star

    A star of extremely high density composed entirely of neutrons.

  • Normal polarity

    A magnetic field that is the same as that which exists at present.

  • Oceanic plateau

    An extensive region on the ocean floor composed of thick accumulations of pillow basalts and other mafic rocks that in some cases exceed 30 kilometers in thickness.

  • Outer core

    A layer beneath the mantle about 2,200 kilometers (1,364 miles) thick that has the properties of a liquid.

  • Phanerozoic eon

    That part of geologic time represented by rocks containing abundant fossil evidence. The eon extending from the end of the Proterozoic eon (about 540 million years ago) to the present.

  • Pleistocene epoch

    An epoch of the Quaternary period beginning about 1.8 million years ago and ending about 10,000 years ago. Best known as a time of extensive continental glaciation.

  • Point bar

    A crescent-shaped accumulation of sand and gravel deposited on the inside of a meander.

  • Prominence

    A concentration of material above the solar surface that appears as a bright archlike structure.

  • Spit

    An elongated ridge of sand that projects from the land into the mouth of an adjacent bay.

  • Surf

    A collective term for breakers; also, the wave activity in the area between the shoreline and the outer limit of breakers.

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