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# Solutions for Chapter 7.6: Estimation

## Full solutions for Probability and Statistics | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780321500465

Solutions for Chapter 7.6: Estimation

Solutions for Chapter 7.6
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##### ISBN: 9780321500465

Since 25 problems in chapter 7.6: Estimation have been answered, more than 14954 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Probability and Statistics, edition: 4. Probability and Statistics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321500465. Chapter 7.6: Estimation includes 25 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Statistics Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
• Additivity property of x 2

If two independent random variables X1 and X2 are distributed as chi-square with v1 and v2 degrees of freedom, respectively, Y = + X X 1 2 is a chi-square random variable with u = + v v 1 2 degrees of freedom. This generalizes to any number of independent chi-square random variables.

• Average

See Arithmetic mean.

• Axioms of probability

A set of rules that probabilities deined on a sample space must follow. See Probability

• Bernoulli trials

Sequences of independent trials with only two outcomes, generally called “success” and “failure,” in which the probability of success remains constant.

• Bivariate distribution

The joint probability distribution of two random variables.

• Conditional probability density function

The probability density function of the conditional probability distribution of a continuous random variable.

• Conditional probability distribution

The distribution of a random variable given that the random experiment produces an outcome in an event. The given event might specify values for one or more other random variables

• Contrast

A linear function of treatment means with coeficients that total zero. A contrast is a summary of treatment means that is of interest in an experiment.

• Crossed factors

Another name for factors that are arranged in a factorial experiment.

• Curvilinear regression

An expression sometimes used for nonlinear regression models or polynomial regression models.

• Eficiency

A concept in parameter estimation that uses the variances of different estimators; essentially, an estimator is more eficient than another estimator if it has smaller variance. When estimators are biased, the concept requires modiication.

• Empirical model

A model to relate a response to one or more regressors or factors that is developed from data obtained from the system.

• Exhaustive

A property of a collection of events that indicates that their union equals the sample space.

• Extra sum of squares method

A method used in regression analysis to conduct a hypothesis test for the additional contribution of one or more variables to a model.

• F-test

Any test of signiicance involving the F distribution. The most common F-tests are (1) testing hypotheses about the variances or standard deviations of two independent normal distributions, (2) testing hypotheses about treatment means or variance components in the analysis of variance, and (3) testing signiicance of regression or tests on subsets of parameters in a regression model.

• First-order model

A model that contains only irstorder terms. For example, the irst-order response surface model in two variables is y xx = + ?? ? ? 0 11 2 2 + + . A irst-order model is also called a main effects model

• Forward selection

A method of variable selection in regression, where variables are inserted one at a time into the model until no other variables that contribute signiicantly to the model can be found.

• Fraction defective

In statistical quality control, that portion of a number of units or the output of a process that is defective.

• Fraction defective control chart

See P chart

• Generating function

A function that is used to determine properties of the probability distribution of a random variable. See Moment-generating function

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