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Solutions for Chapter 12: Simple Linear Regression and Correlation

Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9781111827045 | Authors: Anthony J. Hayter

Full solutions for Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9781111827045

Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9781111827045 | Authors: Anthony J. Hayter

Solutions for Chapter 12: Simple Linear Regression and Correlation

Solutions for Chapter 12
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Textbook: Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists
Edition: 4
Author: Anthony J. Hayter
ISBN: 9781111827045

Chapter 12: Simple Linear Regression and Correlation includes 269 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists, edition: 4. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781111827045. Since 269 problems in chapter 12: Simple Linear Regression and Correlation have been answered, more than 11811 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Statistics Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 2 k p - factorial experiment

    A fractional factorial experiment with k factors tested in a 2 ? p fraction with all factors tested at only two levels (settings) each

  • Acceptance region

    In hypothesis testing, a region in the sample space of the test statistic such that if the test statistic falls within it, the null hypothesis cannot be rejected. This terminology is used because rejection of H0 is always a strong conclusion and acceptance of H0 is generally a weak conclusion

  • Addition rule

    A formula used to determine the probability of the union of two (or more) events from the probabilities of the events and their intersection(s).

  • Alternative hypothesis

    In statistical hypothesis testing, this is a hypothesis other than the one that is being tested. The alternative hypothesis contains feasible conditions, whereas the null hypothesis speciies conditions that are under test

  • Attribute

    A qualitative characteristic of an item or unit, usually arising in quality control. For example, classifying production units as defective or nondefective results in attributes data.

  • Axioms of probability

    A set of rules that probabilities deined on a sample space must follow. See Probability

  • Box plot (or box and whisker plot)

    A graphical display of data in which the box contains the middle 50% of the data (the interquartile range) with the median dividing it, and the whiskers extend to the smallest and largest values (or some deined lower and upper limits).

  • Central limit theorem

    The simplest form of the central limit theorem states that the sum of n independently distributed random variables will tend to be normally distributed as n becomes large. It is a necessary and suficient condition that none of the variances of the individual random variables are large in comparison to their sum. There are more general forms of the central theorem that allow ininite variances and correlated random variables, and there is a multivariate version of the theorem.

  • Chi-square test

    Any test of signiicance based on the chi-square distribution. The most common chi-square tests are (1) testing hypotheses about the variance or standard deviation of a normal distribution and (2) testing goodness of it of a theoretical distribution to sample data

  • Combination.

    A subset selected without replacement from a set used to determine the number of outcomes in events and sample spaces.

  • Completely randomized design (or experiment)

    A type of experimental design in which the treatments or design factors are assigned to the experimental units in a random manner. In designed experiments, a completely randomized design results from running all of the treatment combinations in random order.

  • Correlation coeficient

    A dimensionless measure of the linear association between two variables, usually lying in the interval from ?1 to +1, with zero indicating the absence of correlation (but not necessarily the independence of the two variables).

  • Critical value(s)

    The value of a statistic corresponding to a stated signiicance level as determined from the sampling distribution. For example, if PZ z PZ ( )( .) . ? =? = 0 025 . 1 96 0 025, then z0 025 . = 1 9. 6 is the critical value of z at the 0.025 level of signiicance. Crossed factors. Another name for factors that are arranged in a factorial experiment.

  • Cumulative sum control chart (CUSUM)

    A control chart in which the point plotted at time t is the sum of the measured deviations from target for all statistics up to time t

  • Dependent variable

    The response variable in regression or a designed experiment.

  • Error mean square

    The error sum of squares divided by its number of degrees of freedom.

  • Exponential random variable

    A series of tests in which changes are made to the system under study

  • Forward selection

    A method of variable selection in regression, where variables are inserted one at a time into the model until no other variables that contribute signiicantly to the model can be found.

  • Fraction defective

    In statistical quality control, that portion of a number of units or the output of a process that is defective.

  • Gamma function

    A function used in the probability density function of a gamma random variable that can be considered to extend factorials

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