- 9-1.1: Explain the difference between testing a single mean and testing th...
- 9-1.2: When a researcher selects all possible pairs of samples from a popu...
- 9-1.3: What two assumptions must be met when you are using the z test to t...
- 9-1.4: Show two different ways to state that the means of two populations ...
- 9-1.5: Lengths of Major U.S. Rivers Aresearcher wishes to see if the avera...
- 9-1.6: Teachers Salaries California and New York lead the list of average ...
- 9-1.7: Commuting Times The Bureau of the Census reports that the average c...
- 9-1.8: Heights of 9-Year-Olds At age 9 the average weight (21.3 kg) and th...
- 9-1.9: Length of Hospital Stays The average length of short hospital stays...
- 9-1.10: Home Prices A real estate agent compares the selling prices of home...
- 9-1.11: Women Science Majors In a study of women science majors, the follow...
- 9-1.12: ACT Scores A survey of 1000 students nationwide showed a mean ACT s...
- 9-1.13: Per Capita Income The average per capita income for Wisconsin is re...
- 9-1.14: Monthly Social Security Benefits The average monthly Social Securit...
- 9-1.15: Self-Esteem Scores In the study cited in Exercise 11, the researche...
- 9-1.16: Ages of College Students The dean of students wants to see whether ...
- 9-1.17: Problem-Solving Ability Two groups of students are given a problem-...
- 9-1.18: Credit Card Debt The average credit card debt for a recent year was...
- 9-1.19: Literacy Scores Adults aged 16 or older were assessed in three type...
- 9-1.20: Battery Voltage Two brands of batteries are tested, and their volta...
- 9-1.21: Exam Scores at Private and Public Schools A researcher claims that ...
- 9-1.22: Sale Prices for Houses The average sales price of new one-family ho...
- 9-1.23: Average Earnings for College Graduates The average earnings of year...
Solutions for Chapter 9-1: Testing the Difference Between Two Means: Using the z Test
Full solutions for Elementary Statistics: A Step by Step Approach 8th ed. | 8th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 9-1: Testing the Difference Between Two Means: Using the z TestGet Full Solutions
All possible (subsets) regressions
A method of variable selection in regression that examines all possible subsets of the candidate regressor variables. Eficient computer algorithms have been developed for implementing all possible regressions
Axioms of probability
A set of rules that probabilities deined on a sample space must follow. See Probability
An estimator for a parameter obtained from a Bayesian method that uses a prior distribution for the parameter along with the conditional distribution of the data given the parameter to obtain the posterior distribution of the parameter. The estimator is obtained from the posterior distribution.
The joint probability distribution of two random variables.
Any test of signiicance based on the chi-square distribution. The most common chi-square tests are (1) testing hypotheses about the variance or standard deviation of a normal distribution and (2) testing goodness of it of a theoretical distribution to sample data
Coeficient of determination
See R 2 .
When a factorial experiment is run in blocks and the blocks are too small to contain a complete replicate of the experiment, one can run a fraction of the replicate in each block, but this results in losing information on some effects. These effects are linked with or confounded with the blocks. In general, when two factors are varied such that their individual effects cannot be determined separately, their effects are said to be confounded.
A linear function of treatment means with coeficients that total zero. A contrast is a summary of treatment means that is of interest in an experiment.
A dimensionless measure of the linear association between two variables, usually lying in the interval from ?1 to +1, with zero indicating the absence of correlation (but not necessarily the independence of the two variables).
Another name for factors that are arranged in a factorial experiment.
Cumulative sum control chart (CUSUM)
A control chart in which the point plotted at time t is the sum of the measured deviations from target for all statistics up to time t
An expression sometimes used for nonlinear regression models or polynomial regression models.
W. Edwards Deming (1900–1993) was a leader in the use of statistical quality control.
Deming’s 14 points.
A management philosophy promoted by W. Edwards Deming that emphasizes the importance of change and quality
Another name for a probability density function
The response variable in regression or a designed experiment.
A model to relate a response to one or more regressors or factors that is developed from data obtained from the system.
Fisher’s least signiicant difference (LSD) method
A series of pair-wise hypothesis tests of treatment means in an experiment to determine which means differ.
Another name for the normal distribution, based on the strong connection of Karl F. Gauss to the normal distribution; often used in physics and electrical engineering applications
Geometric random variable
A discrete random variable that is the number of Bernoulli trials until a success occurs.
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