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Solutions for Chapter 3-4: Data Description

Elementary Statistics: A Step by Step Approach | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780073534978 | Authors: Allan G. Bluman

Full solutions for Elementary Statistics: A Step by Step Approach | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780073534978

Elementary Statistics: A Step by Step Approach | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780073534978 | Authors: Allan G. Bluman

Solutions for Chapter 3-4: Data Description

Solutions for Chapter 3-4
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Textbook: Elementary Statistics: A Step by Step Approach
Edition: 7
Author: Allan G. Bluman
ISBN: 9780073534978

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Statistics: A Step by Step Approach, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Elementary Statistics: A Step by Step Approach was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073534978. Since 18 problems in chapter 3-4: Data Description have been answered, more than 6171 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 3-4: Data Description includes 18 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Statistics Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • a-error (or a-risk)

    In hypothesis testing, an error incurred by failing to reject a null hypothesis when it is actually false (also called a type II error).

  • Arithmetic mean

    The arithmetic mean of a set of numbers x1 , x2 ,…, xn is their sum divided by the number of observations, or ( / )1 1 n xi t n ? = . The arithmetic mean is usually denoted by x , and is often called the average

  • Assignable cause

    The portion of the variability in a set of observations that can be traced to speciic causes, such as operators, materials, or equipment. Also called a special cause.

  • Average run length, or ARL

    The average number of samples taken in a process monitoring or inspection scheme until the scheme signals that the process is operating at a level different from the level in which it began.

  • Axioms of probability

    A set of rules that probabilities deined on a sample space must follow. See Probability

  • Bernoulli trials

    Sequences of independent trials with only two outcomes, generally called “success” and “failure,” in which the probability of success remains constant.

  • Binomial random variable

    A discrete random variable that equals the number of successes in a ixed number of Bernoulli trials.

  • Central limit theorem

    The simplest form of the central limit theorem states that the sum of n independently distributed random variables will tend to be normally distributed as n becomes large. It is a necessary and suficient condition that none of the variances of the individual random variables are large in comparison to their sum. There are more general forms of the central theorem that allow ininite variances and correlated random variables, and there is a multivariate version of the theorem.

  • Components of variance

    The individual components of the total variance that are attributable to speciic sources. This usually refers to the individual variance components arising from a random or mixed model analysis of variance.

  • Conditional probability

    The probability of an event given that the random experiment produces an outcome in another event.

  • Contingency table.

    A tabular arrangement expressing the assignment of members of a data set according to two or more categories or classiication criteria

  • Contrast

    A linear function of treatment means with coeficients that total zero. A contrast is a summary of treatment means that is of interest in an experiment.

  • Control limits

    See Control chart.

  • Correction factor

    A term used for the quantity ( / )( ) 1 1 2 n xi i n ? = that is subtracted from xi i n 2 ? =1 to give the corrected sum of squares deined as (/ ) ( ) 1 1 2 n xx i x i n ? = i ? . The correction factor can also be written as nx 2 .

  • Correlation matrix

    A square matrix that contains the correlations among a set of random variables, say, XX X 1 2 k , ,…, . The main diagonal elements of the matrix are unity and the off-diagonal elements rij are the correlations between Xi and Xj .

  • Defect

    Used in statistical quality control, a defect is a particular type of nonconformance to speciications or requirements. Sometimes defects are classiied into types, such as appearance defects and functional defects.

  • Dependent variable

    The response variable in regression or a designed experiment.

  • Design matrix

    A matrix that provides the tests that are to be conducted in an experiment.

  • Empirical model

    A model to relate a response to one or more regressors or factors that is developed from data obtained from the system.

  • Erlang random variable

    A continuous random variable that is the sum of a ixed number of independent, exponential random variables.

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