 1.5.1: Four components are inspected and three events are defined as follo...
 1.5.2: Use axioms of the algebra of events to prove the relations:(a) A A ...
Solutions for Chapter 1.5: Algebra Of Events
Full solutions for Probability and Statistics with Reliability, Queuing, and Computer Science Applications  2nd Edition
ISBN: 9781119285427
Solutions for Chapter 1.5: Algebra Of Events
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Alternative hypothesis
In statistical hypothesis testing, this is a hypothesis other than the one that is being tested. The alternative hypothesis contains feasible conditions, whereas the null hypothesis speciies conditions that are under test

Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
A method of decomposing the total variability in a set of observations, as measured by the sum of the squares of these observations from their average, into component sums of squares that are associated with speciic deined sources of variation

Asymptotic relative eficiency (ARE)
Used to compare hypothesis tests. The ARE of one test relative to another is the limiting ratio of the sample sizes necessary to obtain identical error probabilities for the two procedures.

Average run length, or ARL
The average number of samples taken in a process monitoring or inspection scheme until the scheme signals that the process is operating at a level different from the level in which it began.

Causeandeffect diagram
A chart used to organize the various potential causes of a problem. Also called a ishbone diagram.

Center line
A horizontal line on a control chart at the value that estimates the mean of the statistic plotted on the chart. See Control chart.

Conditional probability density function
The probability density function of the conditional probability distribution of a continuous random variable.

Conditional probability mass function
The probability mass function of the conditional probability distribution of a discrete random variable.

Conditional variance.
The variance of the conditional probability distribution of a random variable.

Conidence level
Another term for the conidence coeficient.

Counting techniques
Formulas used to determine the number of elements in sample spaces and events.

Cumulative normal distribution function
The cumulative distribution of the standard normal distribution, often denoted as ?( ) x and tabulated in Appendix Table II.

Degrees of freedom.
The number of independent comparisons that can be made among the elements of a sample. The term is analogous to the number of degrees of freedom for an object in a dynamic system, which is the number of independent coordinates required to determine the motion of the object.

Deining relation
A subset of effects in a fractional factorial design that deine the aliases in the design.

Discrete uniform random variable
A discrete random variable with a inite range and constant probability mass function.

False alarm
A signal from a control chart when no assignable causes are present

Firstorder model
A model that contains only irstorder terms. For example, the irstorder response surface model in two variables is y xx = + ?? ? ? 0 11 2 2 + + . A irstorder model is also called a main effects model

Fraction defective
In statistical quality control, that portion of a number of units or the output of a process that is defective.

Fraction defective control chart
See P chart

Frequency distribution
An arrangement of the frequencies of observations in a sample or population according to the values that the observations take on