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Solutions for Chapter 6.3: Tests for a Population Proportion
Full solutions for Statistics for Engineers and Scientists  4th Edition
ISBN: 9780073401331
Solutions for Chapter 6.3: Tests for a Population Proportion
Get Full SolutionsChapter 6.3: Tests for a Population Proportion includes 13 full stepbystep solutions. Statistics for Engineers and Scientists was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073401331. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 13 problems in chapter 6.3: Tests for a Population Proportion have been answered, more than 289026 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Statistics for Engineers and Scientists , edition: 4.

Adjusted R 2
A variation of the R 2 statistic that compensates for the number of parameters in a regression model. Essentially, the adjustment is a penalty for increasing the number of parameters in the model. Alias. In a fractional factorial experiment when certain factor effects cannot be estimated uniquely, they are said to be aliased.

Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
A method of decomposing the total variability in a set of observations, as measured by the sum of the squares of these observations from their average, into component sums of squares that are associated with speciic deined sources of variation

Analytic study
A study in which a sample from a population is used to make inference to a future population. Stability needs to be assumed. See Enumerative study

Assignable cause
The portion of the variability in a set of observations that can be traced to speciic causes, such as operators, materials, or equipment. Also called a special cause.

Backward elimination
A method of variable selection in regression that begins with all of the candidate regressor variables in the model and eliminates the insigniicant regressors one at a time until only signiicant regressors remain

Bayes’ theorem
An equation for a conditional probability such as PA B (  ) in terms of the reverse conditional probability PB A (  ).

Categorical data
Data consisting of counts or observations that can be classiied into categories. The categories may be descriptive.

Chance cause
The portion of the variability in a set of observations that is due to only random forces and which cannot be traced to speciic sources, such as operators, materials, or equipment. Also called a common cause.

Completely randomized design (or experiment)
A type of experimental design in which the treatments or design factors are assigned to the experimental units in a random manner. In designed experiments, a completely randomized design results from running all of the treatment combinations in random order.

Conidence level
Another term for the conidence coeficient.

Continuity correction.
A correction factor used to improve the approximation to binomial probabilities from a normal distribution.

Continuous uniform random variable
A continuous random variable with range of a inite interval and a constant probability density function.

Cook’s distance
In regression, Cook’s distance is a measure of the inluence of each individual observation on the estimates of the regression model parameters. It expresses the distance that the vector of model parameter estimates with the ith observation removed lies from the vector of model parameter estimates based on all observations. Large values of Cook’s distance indicate that the observation is inluential.

Covariance
A measure of association between two random variables obtained as the expected value of the product of the two random variables around their means; that is, Cov(X Y, ) [( )( )] =? ? E X Y ? ? X Y .

Cumulative sum control chart (CUSUM)
A control chart in which the point plotted at time t is the sum of the measured deviations from target for all statistics up to time t

Designed experiment
An experiment in which the tests are planned in advance and the plans usually incorporate statistical models. See Experiment

Distribution function
Another name for a cumulative distribution function.

Expected value
The expected value of a random variable X is its longterm average or mean value. In the continuous case, the expected value of X is E X xf x dx ( ) = ?? ( ) ? ? where f ( ) x is the density function of the random variable X.

Fixed factor (or fixed effect).
In analysis of variance, a factor or effect is considered ixed if all the levels of interest for that factor are included in the experiment. Conclusions are then valid about this set of levels only, although when the factor is quantitative, it is customary to it a model to the data for interpolating between these levels.

Generator
Effects in a fractional factorial experiment that are used to construct the experimental tests used in the experiment. The generators also deine the aliases.