- 11.9.87E: Determine if the following models are intrinsically linear. If yes,...
- 11.9.88E: The vapor pressure of water at various temperatures is in Table E11...
- 11.9.89E: An electric utility is interested in developing a model relating pe...
Solutions for Chapter 11.9: Applied Statistics and Probability for Engineers 6th Edition
Full solutions for Applied Statistics and Probability for Engineers | 6th Edition
In a fractional factorial experiment when certain factor effects cannot be estimated uniquely, they are said to be aliased.
A study in which a sample from a population is used to make inference to a future population. Stability needs to be assumed. See Enumerative study
Attribute control chart
Any control chart for a discrete random variable. See Variables control chart.
An equation for a conditional probability such as PA B ( | ) in terms of the reverse conditional probability PB A ( | ).
A chart used to organize the various potential causes of a problem. Also called a ishbone diagram.
Central composite design (CCD)
A second-order response surface design in k variables consisting of a two-level factorial, 2k axial runs, and one or more center points. The two-level factorial portion of a CCD can be a fractional factorial design when k is large. The CCD is the most widely used design for itting a second-order model.
Any test of signiicance based on the chi-square distribution. The most common chi-square tests are (1) testing hypotheses about the variance or standard deviation of a normal distribution and (2) testing goodness of it of a theoretical distribution to sample data
A subset selected without replacement from a set used to determine the number of outcomes in events and sample spaces.
An experiment in which the treatments (experimental conditions) that are to be studied are included in the experiment. The data from the experiment are used to evaluate the treatments.
The probability 1?a associated with a conidence interval expressing the probability that the stated interval will contain the true parameter value.
See Control chart.
In hypothesis testing, this is the portion of the sample space of a test statistic that will lead to rejection of the null hypothesis.
Error mean square
The error sum of squares divided by its number of degrees of freedom.
Estimator (or point estimator)
A procedure for producing an estimate of a parameter of interest. An estimator is usually a function of only sample data values, and when these data values are available, it results in an estimate of the parameter of interest.
The expected value of a random variable X is its long-term average or mean value. In the continuous case, the expected value of X is E X xf x dx ( ) = ?? ( ) ? ? where f ( ) x is the density function of the random variable X.
Any test of signiicance involving the F distribution. The most common F-tests are (1) testing hypotheses about the variances or standard deviations of two independent normal distributions, (2) testing hypotheses about treatment means or variance components in the analysis of variance, and (3) testing signiicance of regression or tests on subsets of parameters in a regression model.
Finite population correction factor
A term in the formula for the variance of a hypergeometric random variable.
A model that contains only irstorder terms. For example, the irst-order response surface model in two variables is y xx = + ?? ? ? 0 11 2 2 + + . A irst-order model is also called a main effects model
A method of variable selection in regression, where variables are inserted one at a time into the model until no other variables that contribute signiicantly to the model can be found.
Fractional factorial experiment
A type of factorial experiment in which not all possible treatment combinations are run. This is usually done to reduce the size of an experiment with several factors.