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# Solutions for Chapter 5: Elementary Statistics: A Step By Step Approach 9th Edition

## Full solutions for Elementary Statistics: A Step By Step Approach | 9th Edition

ISBN: 9780073534985

Solutions for Chapter 5

Solutions for Chapter 5
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##### ISBN: 9780073534985

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Statistics: A Step By Step Approach , edition: 9. Elementary Statistics: A Step By Step Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073534985. Since 72 problems in chapter 5 have been answered, more than 147271 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 5 includes 72 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Statistics Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
• Alias

In a fractional factorial experiment when certain factor effects cannot be estimated uniquely, they are said to be aliased.

• Bayes’ estimator

An estimator for a parameter obtained from a Bayesian method that uses a prior distribution for the parameter along with the conditional distribution of the data given the parameter to obtain the posterior distribution of the parameter. The estimator is obtained from the posterior distribution.

• Bimodal distribution.

A distribution with two modes

• Box plot (or box and whisker plot)

A graphical display of data in which the box contains the middle 50% of the data (the interquartile range) with the median dividing it, and the whiskers extend to the smallest and largest values (or some deined lower and upper limits).

• Coeficient of determination

See R 2 .

• Comparative experiment

An experiment in which the treatments (experimental conditions) that are to be studied are included in the experiment. The data from the experiment are used to evaluate the treatments.

• Confounding

When a factorial experiment is run in blocks and the blocks are too small to contain a complete replicate of the experiment, one can run a fraction of the replicate in each block, but this results in losing information on some effects. These effects are linked with or confounded with the blocks. In general, when two factors are varied such that their individual effects cannot be determined separately, their effects are said to be confounded.

• Continuous distribution

A probability distribution for a continuous random variable.

• Continuous uniform random variable

A continuous random variable with range of a inite interval and a constant probability density function.

• Counting techniques

Formulas used to determine the number of elements in sample spaces and events.

• Cumulative distribution function

For a random variable X, the function of X deined as PX x ( ) ? that is used to specify the probability distribution.

• Decision interval

A parameter in a tabular CUSUM algorithm that is determined from a trade-off between false alarms and the detection of assignable causes.

• Discrete random variable

A random variable with a inite (or countably ininite) range.

• Error of estimation

The difference between an estimated value and the true value.

• Error propagation

An analysis of how the variance of the random variable that represents that output of a system depends on the variances of the inputs. A formula exists when the output is a linear function of the inputs and the formula is simpliied if the inputs are assumed to be independent.

• Estimate (or point estimate)

The numerical value of a point estimator.

• F-test

Any test of signiicance involving the F distribution. The most common F-tests are (1) testing hypotheses about the variances or standard deviations of two independent normal distributions, (2) testing hypotheses about treatment means or variance components in the analysis of variance, and (3) testing signiicance of regression or tests on subsets of parameters in a regression model.

• False alarm

A signal from a control chart when no assignable causes are present

• Fractional factorial experiment

A type of factorial experiment in which not all possible treatment combinations are run. This is usually done to reduce the size of an experiment with several factors.

• Gamma random variable

A random variable that generalizes an Erlang random variable to noninteger values of the parameter r

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