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Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson ISBN: 9780134015187 2044

Solution for problem 1.89 Chapter 1

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

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Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition | ISBN: 9780134015187 | Authors: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson

Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry) | 8th Edition

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Problem 1.89

What is the density of lithium metal (in \(\mathrm{g} / \mathrm{cm}^{3}\) ) if a cube measuring \(0.82 \mathrm{~cm} \times 1.45 \mathrm{~cm} \times 1.25 \mathrm{~cm}\) has a mass of 0.794 g?

Text Transcription:

g/cm^3

0.82 cm times 1.45 cm times 1.25 cm

Step-by-Step Solution:
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Week 11 Recap Chapter 7 Substitution Reactions SN1 SN2 1. Substitution ​Reactions: exchange one functional group for another 2. Substrate​: the electrophile, contain a leaving group 3. Naming Halogenated Organic Compounds​: a. Systematic Name​: treats the compound as a haloalkane b. Common Name​: treats the compound as an alkyl halide 4. Alpha Position​: the carbon atom connected directly to the halogen 5. Beta Position:​ the carbon atoms connected to the alpha position 6. Alkyl Halides a. Classified as ​Primary​, ​Secondary​, ​Tertiary​: according to the number of alkyl groups connected to the alpha position 7. Concerted Process​: nucleophilic attack and loss of leaving group occur simultaneously 8. Stepwise Process​: first the leaving group leaves, then the nucleophile attacks 9. SN2​: evidence for the concerted mechanism, second-order rate equation, bimolecular a. Methyl halides and Primary halides react most quickly, tertiary alkyl halides are essentially unreactive toward SN2 b. When the Alpha Position is a ​Chirality Center​, reaction proceeds with Inversion of Configuration c. Preference: ​Back-Side Attack​: stems from the need for constructive overlap of orbitals (according to MO Theory) d. Stereospecific​: b/c the configuration of the product is determined by the configuration of the substrate e. Proton Transfer ​at beginning of mechanism if

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Chapter 1, Problem 1.89 is Solved
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Textbook: Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (Mastering Chemistry)
Edition: 8
Author: John McMurry, David Ballantine, Carl Hoeger, Virginia Peterson
ISBN: 9780134015187

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