×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to Chemistry: Structure And Properties - 2 Edition - Chapter 18 - Problem 108
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to Chemistry: Structure And Properties - 2 Edition - Chapter 18 - Problem 108

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

Chemistry: Structure and Properties | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9780134293936 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro ISBN: 9780134293936 2043

Solution for problem 108 Chapter 18

Chemistry: Structure and Properties | 2nd Edition

  • Textbook Solutions
  • 2901 Step-by-step solutions solved by professors and subject experts
  • Get 24/7 help from StudySoup virtual teaching assistants
Chemistry: Structure and Properties | 2nd Edition | ISBN: 9780134293936 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Chemistry: Structure and Properties | 2nd Edition

4 5 1 316 Reviews
26
5
Problem 108

The salt ammonium nitrate can follow three modes of decomposition: (a) to \(\mathrm{HNO}_{3}(g)\) and  \(\mathrm{NH}_{3}(g)\), (b) to \(\mathrm{N}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)\) and \(\mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)\), and (c) to \(\mathrm{N}_{2}(g), \mathrm{O}_{2}(g), \text { and } \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O}(g)\). Calculate \(\Delta G_{\mathrm{rxn}}^{\circ}\) for each mode of decomposition at 298 K. Explain in light of these results how it is still possible to use ammonium nitrate as a fertilizer and the precautions that should be taken when it is used.

Text Transcription:

HNO_3(g)

NH_3(g)

N_2O(g)

H_2O(g)

N_2(g)

O_2(g)

H_2O(g)

Delta G_^circ rxn

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

CH 231-001 Week 3 Notes I. Chapter 1 Week 3 Notes a. Resonance i. Resonance Theory – the representation of a single molecule at a single point in time by two or more Lewis structures having the same placement of all atoms but showing (not having) a different. Arrangement of pi electrons 1. Contributing structures – individual Lewis structures 2. Resonance Hybrid – molecule, ion, or radical described as the composite of all contributing structures 3. Resonance Arrow a. Do NOT use equilibrium or reaction arrows!! ii. Curved Arrow Notation – arrow starting at the electron source and ending at the electron destination 1. Electron-pushing arrow a. Shows electron distribution or movement in resonance NOT movement of an atom or positive charge i. Do NOT move positive charges with a curved arrow iii. Notes about resonance 1. Show that pi electrons are delocalized over several atoms – important stabilizing effect 2. Resonance stabilized – molecule with two or more reasonable resonance structures 3. Individual resonance structures are imaginary – they are partial

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 18, Problem 108 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Chemistry: Structure and Properties
Edition: 2
Author: Nivaldo J. Tro
ISBN: 9780134293936

Other solutions

Discover and learn what students are asking






Statistics: Informed Decisions Using Data : Introduction to the Practice of Statistics
?A(n)_________ is a person or object that is a member of the population being studied.

Statistics: Informed Decisions Using Data : Measures of Position and Outliers
?When outliers are discovered, should they always be removed from the data set before further analysis?




Statistics: Informed Decisions Using Data : Testing the Significance of the Least-Squares Regression Model
?Age versus HDL Cholesterol A doctor wanted to determine whether there is a relation between a male’s age and his HDL (so-called good) cholesterol. He


People also purchased

Related chapters

Unlock Textbook Solution

Enter your email below to unlock your verified solution to: