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(I) In a ballistic pendulum experiment, projectile 1

Physics: Principles with Applications | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780130606204 | Authors: Douglas C. Giancoli ISBN: 9780130606204 3

Solution for problem 31P Chapter 7

Physics: Principles with Applications | 6th Edition

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Physics: Principles with Applications | 6th Edition | ISBN: 9780130606204 | Authors: Douglas C. Giancoli

Physics: Principles with Applications | 6th Edition

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Problem 31P

(I) In a ballistic pendulum experiment, projectile 1 results in a maximum height f> of the pendulum equal to 2.6 cm. A second projectile (of the same mass) causes the pendulum to swing twice as high, h2 =5.2 cm. The second projectile was how many times faster than the first?

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 31P:

        We have to obtain the relation between the velocities of projectile in both the situation.

Step 1 of 5</p>

APPROACH:

The ballistic pendulum is a device used to measure the speed of the projectile. In this device, the projectile of mass is fired into a large block of mass , which is suspended like a pendulum. As a result of collision the projectile get embedded into the pendulum and the pendulum and projectile together swing up to a maximum height . We can analyze the process by using law of conservation of momentum and law of conservation of energy.

Step 2 of 5</p>

Concept:

        Law of conservation of linear momentum: When no external force acts on the system, then the final momentum of the system is equal to their initial momentum.

        Law of conservation of Energy: Energy can neither be created nor be destroyed. It can only be converted from one form into other. The total amount of energy in an isolated system remains constant.

Step 3 of 5</p>

We choose , when the pendulum hangs vertically, and then   when the pendulum-projectile system reaches its maximum height .

We choose the bottom most of pendulum as zero potential energy.

Thus the speed of the projectile with which it was moving, is given as,

                                …(1)

Using equation (1), the horizontal speed of the first projectile which attained the maximum height is

                        …(2)

Using equation (1), the horizontal speed of the second projectile which attained the maximum height is

                        …(3)

Step 4 of 5

Chapter 7, Problem 31P is Solved
Step 5 of 5

Textbook: Physics: Principles with Applications
Edition: 6
Author: Douglas C. Giancoli
ISBN: 9780130606204

Since the solution to 31P from 7 chapter was answered, more than 511 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “(I) In a ballistic pendulum experiment, projectile 1 results in a maximum height f> of the pendulum equal to 2.6 cm. A second projectile (of the same mass) causes the pendulum to swing twice as high, h2 =5.2 cm. The second projectile was how many times faster than the first?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 50 words. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 31P from chapter: 7 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 03/03/17, 03:53PM. Physics: Principles with Applications was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780130606204. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Pendulum, projectile, mass, experiment, faster. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 35 chapters, and 3914 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Physics: Principles with Applications, edition: 6.

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