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Two cars, one a compact with mass 1200kg and the other a

University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman ISBN: 9780321675460 31

Solution for problem 39E Chapter 8

University Physics | 13th Edition

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University Physics | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321675460 | Authors: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman

University Physics | 13th Edition

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Problem 39E

Two cars, one a compact with mass 1200kg and the other a large gas-guzzler with mass 3000 kg, collide head-on at typical freeway speeds. (a) Which car has a greater magnitude of momentum change? Which car has a greater velocity change? (b) if the target car changes its velocity by ?v,? alculate the change in the velocity of the small car in terms of ?v.? (c) Which car’s occupants would you expect to sustain greater injuries? Explain.

Step-by-Step Solution:

Solution 39E Step 1 of 5: The momentum of the system of the two cars is conserved. (If we neglect the external forces during collision) mass of the small car,m = S200 kg mass of the large car,m = L000 kg velocity of the small car,v S velocity of the large car,v L Step 2 of 5: (a) The total momentum of the system is conserved, so the momentum lost by one car equals the momentum gained by the other car. They have the same magnitude of change in momentum. Since p = mv and p is the same, the car with the smaller mass has a greater change in velocity. Step 3 of 5: b) m sv =sm v L L v = mLvL s mS = 3000 kv L 1200 kg = 2.50 v L

Step 4 of 5

Chapter 8, Problem 39E is Solved
Step 5 of 5

Textbook: University Physics
Edition: 13
Author: Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman
ISBN: 9780321675460

Since the solution to 39E from 8 chapter was answered, more than 282 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 39E from chapter: 8 was answered by , our top Physics solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:07PM. University Physics was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321675460. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Car, velocity, change, Greater, mass. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 26 chapters, and 2929 solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: University Physics, edition: 13. The answer to “Two cars, one a compact with mass 1200kg and the other a large gas-guzzler with mass 3000 kg, collide head-on at typical freeway speeds. (a) Which car has a greater magnitude of momentum change? Which car has a greater velocity change? (b) if the target car changes its velocity by ?v,? alculate the change in the velocity of the small car in terms of ?v.? (c) Which car’s occupants would you expect to sustain greater injuries? Explain.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 77 words.

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