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Obtain the Thevenin equivalent seen at terminals of the

Fundamentals of Electric Circuits | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780073380575 | Authors: Charles Alexander ISBN: 9780073380575 128

Solution for problem 4.64 Chapter 4

Fundamentals of Electric Circuits | 5th Edition

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Fundamentals of Electric Circuits | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780073380575 | Authors: Charles Alexander

Fundamentals of Electric Circuits | 5th Edition

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Problem 4.64

Obtain the Thevenin equivalent seen at terminals of the circuit in Fig. 4.130.

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Lecturegivenon3/22/16 Antibodies–Y-shaped,twoaminoacidsjoinedbydisulfatebonds;thereisaconstant regionandavariableregion • Constantregionisthesameforeveryantibodyproduced • Variableregionisdifferentbasedondifferentgenes • Antibodiespromoteantigeneliminationthrough: o Neutralization-bindingtosurfaceproteinsonavirusorbacteriumand blockingitsabilitytoinfect o Agglutination–usingbothbondingsitesofanantibodytojoininvading cellstogetherinaclump o Precipation–linkdissolvedantigenmoleculestogether o Activationofcomplementsystem Cell-mediatedimmunity–anadaptiveresponseproducedbyT-cells,respondsto pathogensthathavealreadyenteredintothebodycells • KindsofTcells: o CytotoxicTcells o HelperTcells o MemoryTcells • Cell-mediatedresponseisproducedbycytotoxicTcells,battlepathogensthat enterbodycells • HelperTcellstriggerbothcell-mediatedandhumoralresponse,signalsfromthe helpercellsinitiateproductionofantibodies • TworequirementsmustbemetforahelperTcelltoactivateadaptiveresponse: o Foreignmoleculemustbepresentthatcanbindspecificallytoanantigen receptor o Antigenmustbedisplayedonsurfaceofantigen-presentingcell;includes macrophagesandBcells • Macrophagesingestforeignparticlesandbreakthemdown,andthenself proteinsbindtothenon-selfmolecules;theseselfproteinsdisplaythenon-self onthecellsurface • HelperTcellsrecognizeandbindtotheselfandnon-selfcombination–calleda self-nonselfcomplex • ActivatedhelperTcellspromoteimmuneresponsethroughsecretingproteins o StimulateclonalselectionofhelperTcellswhichproducesmemoryand effectorhelperTcells o ActivateBcellsandstimulatetheimmuneresponse o StimulatetheactivityofcytotoxicTcells CytotoxicTcells–theonlyTcellsthatkillinfectedcellsoncetheyareactivated • Clonalselectionoccursandtheeffectorcytotoxiccellsidentifyinfectedcells throughaself-nonselfcomplex • KillerTcellsbindtotheinfectedcell,whichactivatesittosynthesizetoxic proteinslikeperferin–thismakesholesintheinfectedcell’smembranewhich causeslysesordeath Chapter43:ReproductionandEmbryonicDevelopment Lecturegiven3/24/16 *mustunderstandthestructuresofthemaleandfemalereproductiveanatomy ModesofReproduction: • Asexualreproduction o Creationofgeneticallyidenticaloffspringbyoneparent o Rapidformofreproduction o Lessgeneticdiversitycomparedtosexualreproduction o Canoccurvia 1. budding–newindividualsformonadult;canstaythereorbreak off 2. fission–parentanimalbreaksintwopieces 3. fragmentation-piecesofanimalsbreakofftoformnewanimals o Parthenogenesis–formofasexualreproduction,stimulatesaneggto divide(usuallytriggeredbysperm)andproducethenextindividual • Sexualreproduction o Joiningofgametes–eggsandsperm o Someanimalsusebothmodesofreproduction o Hermaphroditism–individualhasbothmaleandfemalereproduction systems;makesiteasiertofindamate,butcanstillexchangegametes withotherindividuals o Twotypes: 1. Externalfertilization–wheneggsandspermaredischargednear eachothersimultaneously;fishandamphibians 2. Internalfertilization–spermisdepositedinthefemale reproductivetractinvariousways;mostterrestrialspecies HumanReproduction • Bothspeciesmusthaveasetofgonads,ductsforgametetransport,and structuresforcopulation

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 4, Problem 4.64 is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Fundamentals of Electric Circuits
Edition: 5
Author: Charles Alexander
ISBN: 9780073380575

Since the solution to 4.64 from 4 chapter was answered, more than 255 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The answer to “Obtain the Thevenin equivalent seen at terminals of the circuit in Fig. 4.130.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 13 words. This full solution covers the following key subjects: Circuit, equivalent, fig, obtain, seen. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 18 chapters, and 1560 solutions. Fundamentals of Electric Circuits was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073380575. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 4.64 from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Engineering and Tech solution expert on 11/10/17, 05:48PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Fundamentals of Electric Circuits, edition: 5.

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Obtain the Thevenin equivalent seen at terminals of the