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Three foods have the following nutritional content per

Introductory & Intermediate Algebra for College Students | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321758941 | Authors: Robert F. Blitzer ISBN: 9780321758941 177

Solution for problem 4.1.379 Chapter 4.5

Introductory & Intermediate Algebra for College Students | 4th Edition

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Introductory & Intermediate Algebra for College Students | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780321758941 | Authors: Robert F. Blitzer

Introductory & Intermediate Algebra for College Students | 4th Edition

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Problem 4.1.379

Three foods have the following nutritional content per ounce. Calories Protein (in grams) Vitamin C (in milligrams) Food A 40 5 30 Food B 200 2 10 Food C 400 4 300 If a meal consisting of the three foods allows exactly 660 calories, 25 grams of protein, and 425 milligrams of vitamin C, how many ounces of each kind of food should be used?

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Exam Study Guide Chapter 8 Political Systems -Substantial variation in power, authority, and legal systems Power- ability to exercise one’s will over others Authority- is formal, socially approved use of power Sociopolitical Organization: discussing regulation or management of interrelations among groups and their representatives Elman Service: Four types, or levels of political organization Band: small kin-based group among foragers Tribe- economy based on nonintensive food production Chiefdom- intermediate form between tribe and state Differential Access: favored access to resources by superordinate or subordinates State- formal governmental structure and socioeconomic stratification Foraging Bands- Modern foragers live in nation- states and interlined world - All trade with food producers - Most contemporary hunter or gatherer rely on government or missionaries San Susan Kent- tendency to stereotype foragers, stresses variation among foragers Inuit- Good example of conflict resolution in stateless societies Foragers- lack formal law -methods of social control to dispute a settlement Live in Artic- hunting/fishing – men -primary subsistence activities -most disputes over women -wronged man=options -murder=retaliation -Song battle- but wife may not return Tribal Cultivators Tribes- Typically have horticulture or pastoral economy and organized by village life and or descent group membership -lack socioeconomic stratification and formal government -Regulatory officials- village heads “big men” descent –group leaders, village councils and pan tribal associations Horticulture Villages- small, with low population density and open access to strategic resources -Age, gender, and personal traits-determine respect Egalitarianism- goes down as the village size and population density goes up Yanomami- believe village head is achieved- very limited authority -lead by example -mediator in disputes -lead in generosity The “Big Man”- like a village head, except his authority is regional and may have influence over multiple villages -common to south pacific -must be generous -Serves as temporary regional regular who can mobilize supporters Kapauku- Tonowi- only political figure: achieved through hard work and amassing wealth in form of pigs and native niche Distinguished – generosity, eloquence, bravery, physical fitness, and super natural powers -decisions accepted as binding Pantribal sodalitics: groups that extend across whole tribes: spans several villages Ex: Central Plains of North America and tropical Africa Plains: leadership needed to raid enemy camps and manage summer bison hunt Secret Societies are sodalities -create non-kin linkages between people based on age, gender, and ritual -found in areas where two or more different cultures come into regular contact -draw members from several villages and can mobilize large numbers of men for raids Masai of Kenya and Tanzania -men: born during 4 year period, circumcised together, belong to same named group, age set, throughout their lives -sets moved through age grades: warrior grade= most important Nomadic Politics: nomads must interact with a variety of groups, unlike most sedentary societies Powerful chiefs most commonly in large populations Ex) Basseri and Qashqai Basseri- similar population -chief, khan, similar to village head -Position achieved- allegiances with person Larger Qashqai- multiple levels of authority and more powerful chiefs Authority- more coercive allegiances with office Chiefdoms- Transitional form of sociopolitical organization between tribes and states Robert Carneiero- state is an autonomous political unit encompassing many communities within is territory, having a centralized government with the power to collect taxes, draft men for work or war, and decree and enforce laws Political and Economic Systems- Social relations based on kinships, marriage, descent, age, generation and gender Chiefdoms- and states are permanent Office: permanent position- refilled when it is vacated by death or retirement -Offices outlast the individual-ensure sociopolitical organization endures across generations -play important role in production, distribution, and consumption of resources -collect foodstuffs as tribute-redistribute at feast Status- seniority of descent Chiefdom- believed to come from common ancestors -demonstrate seniority of descent -lack of sharp gaps between elites and commoners Differential access to resources -allocation of rights and duties -states characterized by much clearer class divisions than chiefdoms Stratification -differential access-social class/stratification -key feature Max Weber -3 dimensions- Social Stratification Economic Status and Wealth- all of a person’s material assets-basis of economic status Power- the ability to control others-basis of political status Prestige- esteem, respect, or approval- basis of social status Archaic states had contracts in wealth. Power and prestige Superordinate: upper, elite group in stratified society, privileged access to wealth, power, and valued resources Subordinate: lower, underprivileged group: limited State Specializations -pop control -judiciary -law enforcement -fiscal systems Pop Control: administrative subdivision: provinces, districts, states, counties, sub countries, and parishes Aim: foster geographic mobility and resettlement Different rights=different status distinctions Judiciary: laws based on precedent and legislative proclamations -courts/judges - govern family affairs -curb internal conflicts -laws have Not reduced violence Enforcement: agents of state mete out punishment and collect fines -impose hardships/ offer advantages -Protect-external threats -preserve internal order Fiscal System: pertains to finances/taxation – states redistribute (taxes) -Generosity/sharing- played down -No additional freedoms/leisure -Elites in-archaic states- consumption of sumptuary goods Social Control: beliefs, practices, and institutions that are most actively involved in the maintenance of any norms/regulations of any conflict Norms: tell between appropriate and inappropriate behavior -Political systems- informal, social, and subtle aspects – formal government and public dimensions Hegemony: subordinates comply by internalizing ruler’s values and accepting the “naturalness” of domination -make subordinates believe they will gain power -separate/isolate people while supervising closely -Resist-mostly when allowed to assemble -oppressed accept domination -question in private Public Transcript: open interaction with superordinates/subordinates hidden transcript: critique of power that goes on offstage -power holders cants see discontent- shown in public rituals and language -mostly expressed only when people can assemble Hidden transcripts: expressed publicly at certain times in specific places Shame and Gossip: “informal” control through stigma, shame, fear in small scale societies Makua: 3 sanctions- social control Cadeia (jail) - last phase of extended political/legal process Entretthe (sorcery attack) - small attack would kill the thief/ make very ill Ehaya (shame) extended disgrace Informal process of social control efficiency – how clearly envisioned that antisocial might trigger Shame- cheaper than jail- more effective Ch. 9 Gender Women and Men differ genetically: Sexual dimorphism: marked differences in male and female biology besides the primary and secondary sexual features Sex differences are biological –gender encompasses traits that a culture assigns to and inculcates in males and females Gender roles: tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes Gender stereotypes: oversimplified, strongly held ideas of characteristics of men and women Gender Stratification: unequal distribution of rewards between men and women, reflecting different positions in a social hierarchy Llongots- Philippines  Take a head Subsistence contributions of men and women are roughly equal- cross – culture -domestic activities-female labor dominates -women tend to work more hours -women- primary caregiver- men play a role Reproductive Strategies Women can only have so many babies Males- mate within/ out marriage- more than women Males- less restricted than women Restrictions = ½ societies studied Peggy Sanday: gender stratification decreased when men and women made roughly equal contributions to substitute Domestic- Public dichotomy: strong differentiation between home and the outside world, or private- public contrast -gender stratification is less developed among foragers Greater size, greater strength, and mobility of med led to exclusive services in roles of hunters and warriors -Pregnancy and lactation- prevention in foraging societies -Agta- full range of daily activities – including hunting Thomas Headland- fooled by python Cross- cultural variation in gender status related to rules of descent and post marital residence Matrillneal descent: people join mothers group at birth Women tend to have high status in matrilineal matrilocal societies Sanday: Minangkabau a matriarchy because women are the center origin, and founder of the social order -despite special position of women, matriarchy is not equivalent of females rule -Property is passed mother – daughter Patrilineal-patrilocal complex: male Supremacy is based on patrilineality, patrolocality and warfare Patrilineal descent: traced through men -many societies in highland Papua, New Guinea Patriarchy: political system riled by men in which women have inferior social and political status, including basic human rights -Societies- full-fledged replete with warfare and inter village raiding – gender stratification- typically reduced in societies in which women have prominent roles in the economy and social life Domestic Public Dichotomy influence gender stratification in industrial societies -Gender roles change rapidly in North America- “traditional” idea – women’s place is in the home- middle and upper class Americans – Industrialism Spread after 1900 Maxine Margoils: gendered work, attitudes and beliefs have varied in response to U.S. economic needs Changes in economy led to changes in attitudes toward and about women 1970-2010 Female- workforce- 38%-47% - gender roles changed -Rise in representation of women and their children among American’s poorest people -Rise in single parent household- usually female Globally- women head of house – poorer than a man- improve- encourage women to organize 13 countries –greatest female labor – 10 ranked among world’s happiest Contemporary U.S. includes individuals who self-identify using such labels as transgender, intersex, third gender, and transsexual Transgender: social category that includes individuals who may/may not contrast biologically with ordinary make and female Intersex: conditions involving discrepancy between external and internal genitals Klinefelter’s syndrome- male- XXY- add X chromosome Turner syndrome- females- portion of X chromosome – missing Identities in Society: with biological conditions- viewed as male and female -self-identified transgender -counterdicts biological sex at birth and gender identity given at infancy Fear and ignorance to diversity in gender- fuels discrimination to diversity in gender Sexual Orientation: refers to person’s habitual sexual attraction to, sexual activities with persons of the opposite sex- heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality, asexuality - Each hold different meanings/ different groups and individuals U.S. see it as fixed and biologically based sexual norms vary culture to culture -sex acts involving people of the same sex were absent, rare, secret in only 37 of 76 societies In others- various forms of same- sex sexual activity considered normal- acceptable Sudanese Azande Etoro of Papua New Guinea Flexibility in sexual expression seems to be an aspect of our primate heritage Ch. 10 Families, Kinship, and Descent Families: - Understanding a societies kinship system is essential part of anthropology - Descent group: group based on belief in a shared ancestry Nuclear Family: mother, father and biological children - Family of orientation: family in which one is born and grows up - Family of procreation: formed when on marries and has children o Most societies nuclear families take precedence over other kin Nuclear family- widespread, but not universal - Most societies- extended families are the primary unit of social organization - Muslims of Western Bosnia: Zadruga - Nayars of Masabar- Coast of India Joint Families: - Nalukettu- 4 blocks and central courtyard - Bangalore- 3 generations Industrialism and Family Organization -family of procreation living neolocally must prevalent residence pattern in North America - Neolocality: married couples may live hundreds of miles from their parents Extended family households- includes 3 or more generations - Stratified nations- value systems and kinship vary from class to class North American Kinship - Nuclear Families 21% - U.S. 2010 - Representation of women working is attributed to the rise in marriage age o 21 – 1970 o 26.5- 2011 o 1970-2010 divorce rate rose from 4.3 million to 23.7 million o Single-parent families- outstripped population growth o 51%- women – no spouse in 2005 o 35% - women – no spouse in 1950 o 49% - women – no spouse in 2000  Growing isolation from Kin contrasts significantly with Brazil Foragers - Nuclear Family and band o Two basic units of social organization o Nuclear families- more stable o Societies lack year- round band organization o Shoshoni Descent - Matrilineal descent- individuals automatically join mother’s descent group when they are born - Patrilineal descent- individuals automatically join father’s descent group when they are born - Unilineal descent- descent rule uses one line - Lineage- unilineal descent group based on demonstrated descent - Clan- descent group that claims common descent from a apical ancestor but cannot demonstrate it ( stipulated descent) Descent Groups: - Permanent- enduring units- must keep some members at home- to endure - Establish rules about who belongs to the group and where they should live after they marry Ambilineal descent: people choose the descent group to which they belong - Membership achieved - Fluid - People can change descent group or belong to two or more groups at a time Patrilocality: married couples live with husband’s family- associated with patrilineal descent and more common than matriocality Matrisocality: married couples live with wife’s family- Matrilineal descent - Many societies- both families and descent groups - Obligations- one may conflict with another Matrilineal Societies- higher divorce rates and higher female promiscuity Kinship Calculation: how people in a society reckon their kin relationships - EGO: position one views an egocentric genealogy - Figure 10.6 – Kinship Symbols o Genealogy kin type- symbols used- kinship chart- EGO- YOU Genealogical kin types- relates to actual genealogical relationship (father’s brother- not uncle (kin term) Kin term- reflects social construction of kinship in a given culture Bilateral Kinship- people tend to perceive kin links through males and females as being similar or equal Kinship Terminology- classification system - Anthropology – limited patterns in classification of kin - Functional Explanation- can relate particular customs to other features of a society Native Taxonomy: - Developed over generations by people who live in a particular society o Linear kinship terminology four parental kin terms  (M,F,FB-MB and MZ-FZ) - Lineal relative: ego’s direct descendent - Collateral relatives: relatives outside ego’s direct line EX) B,Z,FB,MZ - Affinals: relatives by marriage - Bifurcate merging kinship terminology: - -split mother’s side from father’s side, but also merges same- sex siblings of each parent o Associated with unilineal descent of unilocal residence Generational kinship terminology: - Same terms parents/ siblings - Lumping is more complete - M=MZ=FZ and F=FB=M - No distinguishing between mother and father side - Typical of ambilineal societies - Characters certain foraging bands Bifurcate collateral terminology: - Separate terms – each of the 6 kin types of the parental generation M,F,MB,MZ,FB,FZ o Not as common as other types o Many societies- North America and Middle East o First cousin- mother’s brothers son

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Chapter 4.5, Problem 4.1.379 is Solved
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Textbook: Introductory & Intermediate Algebra for College Students
Edition: 4
Author: Robert F. Blitzer
ISBN: 9780321758941

The answer to “Three foods have the following nutritional content per ounce. Calories Protein (in grams) Vitamin C (in milligrams) Food A 40 5 30 Food B 200 2 10 Food C 400 4 300 If a meal consisting of the three foods allows exactly 660 calories, 25 grams of protein, and 425 milligrams of vitamin C, how many ounces of each kind of food should be used?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 65 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory & Intermediate Algebra for College Students, edition: 4. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 4.1.379 from chapter: 4.5 was answered by , our top Math solution expert on 12/23/17, 04:54PM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: . This expansive textbook survival guide covers 119 chapters, and 11220 solutions. Since the solution to 4.1.379 from 4.5 chapter was answered, more than 242 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. Introductory & Intermediate Algebra for College Students was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321758941.

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Three foods have the following nutritional content per