Explain the evolutionary relationship between modern humans and modern chimpanzees or gorillas.
103 Mid Term Study Guide Review the previous 2 study guides. The questions from the previous tests may appear on the mid term Terms and concepts Just War Doctrine- What are the requirements of a Just War and a Just Act in War Who are the primary thinkers who helped shape the Just War doctrine How and why is the Just War Doctrine a “Liberalism” idea How could it also be a “realist” idea United Nations What are the basic assumptions and underlying logical foundations of the United Nations When was the UN founded and for what purpose How has the UN strayed from its original mission and why What other international institutions were formed at the time of the formation of the UN How have these institutions also changed over time What are some of the calls for reform of the UN What are some of the largest peace keeping missions at the UN Where are they, when did they start What is Human Security and what are its main components Leadership Trait Analysis- what are the personality measures of political leaders as Defined by Margaret Herman. What do each of these measures mean When are leaders most important What level of analysis are we using when we study leaders What are the common assumptions of both Liberalism and Realism What’s the difference between classic realism and neorealism Does classic realism account for leaders and individual leadership traits Does liberalism account for the United Nations All of the terms and definitions on previous study guides 103 Study Guide for Test 1 Key terms and concepts from readings: 1. Anarchy a. The absence of government authority 2. Normative a. Relating to ethical rules; in foreign policy and international affairs, standards suggesting what a policy should be b. Based on values 3. Treaty of Westphalia a. Treaties ending the Thirty Years War in Europe in 1648; in international relations represents the beginning of state sovereignty within a territorial space 4. Balance of Power a. Any system in which actors (states) enjoy relatively equal power such that no single state or coalition of states is able to dominate other actors in the system 5. Hegemon a. A dominate state that has a preponderance of power; often establishes and enforces the rules and norms in the international system 6. Bipolar a. An international system in which there are 2 great powers or blocs of roughly equal strength or weight 7. Multipolar a. An international system in which there are several states or great powers of roughly equal strength states 8. Nation a. A group of people sharing a common language, history, or culture 9. Nationalism a. Devotion and allegiance to the nation and the shared characteristics of its peoples; used to motivate people to patriotic acts, sometimes leading a group to seek dominance over another group b. For 200 years or so nationalism has been an important and primary force in political behavior 10.Sovereignty a. The authority of the state, based on recognition by other states and by nonstate actors, to govern matters within its own borders that affect its people, economy, security, and form of government Key terms and concepts from lecture: 1. Understand the “stag hunt” dilemma a. Shared goals, trust 2. Nation a. A group of people sharing a common language, history, or culture 3. State a. An organized political unit that has a geographic territory; a stable population, and a government to which the population owes allegiance and that is legally recognized by other states b. A geographic region of land in which a government is sovereign c. Consist of government, a defined territory that it controls and a population living on that territory d. Often used synonymously for ‘country’ 4. Nation-State a. The entity formed when people staring the same historical, cultural, or linguistics roots form their own state with borders, a government and international recognition; trend began with French and American Revolutions b. A state in which the average citizen has a primary identity, that community should be an independent state 5. Unilateral a. Emphasizes actions that a nation takes largely on its own, or acting with others but mainly on its own terms 6. Multilateral a. Emphasizes acting with other nations (3 or more) through processes that are more consultative consensual as structured by international institutions, alliances and coalitions 7. Bilateral 8. The 5 rules of the balance of power system a. Each actor should try to increase its capabilities, but through negotiations and not through war b. Each actor must be to itself. It should achieve its national interest even at the risk of war, if necessary c. The participant who is threated of its own existence should stop fighting to ensure that no essential participant is eliminated altogether d. The participant should oppose any coalition of other participants in order to avoid predominance of that group in relation to the rest of the system e. The participant should prevent other participants from subscribing to the supranational principles f. The defeated participant should be permitted to re-enter the system 9. Hegemonic Stability Theory a. Provides some order similar to a central government in the international system b. Reduces aggression c. Promotes free trade d. Stable currency 10.Levels of analysis in international relations a. Study of international politics i. International system ii. State iii. Individual/leaders