What is a circuit?
Contemporary Social Problems 3/22/16 – 3/24/16 Consequences of Inequality and Poverty Political Inequality o Wealthy can spend money on campaigns o Less wealthy can choose to boycott stores o Stripping of political rights – DMV’s and voting places closing in poor areas in Alabama War and Conflict o Syria – middle class uprising o Poverty can result in riots and uprisings Natural Disasters o Effects poor areas more o Brings about more inequality Educational Problems o Housing – richer areas = better schools o Developing countries – problems are exacerbated Children work Women are encouraged to drop out to raise families o Kids from poor areas have a more difficult time in school Poor parents often can’t help their children with school work Rich often can help or can afford tutors Family Stress and Parenting o Families that are poor have more mental health issues and substance abuse o Poor parents are more likely to leave children unsupervised o Poor parents are more authoritative while rich parents encourage critical thinking o Poor parents are less likely to talk with their children and use a smaller vocabulary o Teen pregnancy is more common in poor areas Intergenerational Poverty o Inheritance o Lack of jobs o Tax revenue from cites decreasing as rich move to the suburbs o Educated women are having a harder time finding suitable partners with higher education Strategies for Action International responses o Millennium Development Goals Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Everyone should be able to access education Empower women and promote gender equality Reduce childhood mortality Improve maternal health Combat health risks Ensure environmental stability Develop a global partnership for economic development o Finacial aid sent to developing countries Contemporary Social Problems 3/22/16 – 3/24/16 o Economic development – corporations creating jobs in developing areas o Human development – providing nutrition, housing, water, education o Microcredit programs Instead of giving large amounts of money that people have no way to pay back, people are given small amounts or items to help them make money, like cows Heifer International The U.S. o Government assistance and welfare – 1 in 4 are on welfare or some type of assistance o Alleviating homelessness – small homes o Medicade o Educational assistance o Childcare assistance o Minimum wage o Tax reforms – ours are progressive (tax % goes up as income increases) Chapter 7: Work and Unemployment Global Context – our world economy is so intertwined, one country affects the others o Economic institutions are how we are connected – schools, shops, etc o Capitalism vs Socialism We live in a mixed economy Europe also has a mixed economy, but has more socialist qualities Capitalism is based on a free market economy Socialism has the government running and regulating economic institutions Socialism is being viewed in a more positive way today – 40% McDonaldization of the Workplace o Efficiency o Calculability – qualitative data o Predictability – same throughout time and location o Control through technology – attempt to reduce cost and make it easy for customers Industrialization – urban and automated – machines take jobs, but increasing jobs in other industries Post Industrialization – machines still taking jobs, more people moving to service industries, more international trade Free Trade Agreements North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement – Americas TrasPacific Partnership agreement – Asian countries o The agreements can cause us to lose jobs as companies move overseas for less regulations Transnational Corporations – multiple bases in other countries Contemporary Social Problems 3/22/16 – 3/24/16 Sociological Theories Functionalist – Macrolevel. Economic institutions are among the most important. o Looks at how institutions affect each other o Economic instutions are dtsfunctional when social unequality and lack of benefits are rampant. Conflict – power difference between politicians, owners and workers, etc o Says that rich influence politics, making it harder for the working poor to have a say o Looks at government cooperate assistance Symbolic Interactionalist – Work is a master status. We are influenced by those we work with Problems with Work and Unemployment Unemployment vs Underemployment o 6% unemployed young people have 12% unemployment o 40% unemployed are long term o We often don’t count underemployment in our stats. 16% are underemployed Employment for Recent Grads o Easier time finding jobs than past, but many jobs are unemployed Causes and Concequences o More people and less jobs o Recession o Overqualification for jobs o Less job security o Jobs moving overseas o Outsourcing o Automation o Immigration Effects o More depression o Prone to family conflicts o Homelessness o Drugs and other crime o Large scale layoffs effect community and put strain on local government o Globally, unemployment increases crime