How are circuits analyzed?
Wuthering Heights Chapters 15 Notes I. “Wuthering” as descriptive of Heathcliff’s dwelling. a. “Wuthering” describes the atmospheric tumult of which its station is exposed in stormy weather. i. The power of the north wind, gaunt thorns, etc. b. This description is perfect inscaping, describing the essence of this place. II. Gothic setting a. Removed from society, accosted by the natural elements, creepy gothic estate. III. Why is Lockwood at Heathcliff’s a. He wants to get away from society! He also considers himself a misanthrope. i. He demonstrates a bit of inscape when he reflects on his relationship with a woman that he ended up rejecting because he was so shy and afraid of appearing emotive. 1. Because of this, he has a reputation for deliberate heartlessness. a. So he’s trying to get away from it all. ii. Then, Mrs. Dean shows up and he can’t be alone at all. b. Do we like Lockwood i. No! He visits Heathcliff’s estate over and over again, uninvited. ii. He projects his own experiences frequently on to Heathcliff and his assumptions again and again prove to be false. 1. He’s an unreliable narrator. iii. He always plays the victim role. IV. Heathcliff does offer a bit of hospitality at the beginning a. He asks Lockwood if he would like wine, but Lockwood, affronted by the dogs, refuses this small gesture. b. There is a very clear lack of hospitality—in fact the blatant violation of hospitality rules. V. Who is Joseph a. A religious zealot who uses his beliefs not for poetic expansion but as a cudgel. b. Joseph speaks like a commoner, his use of regional dialect demonstrates his station. i. He’s a rustic person who doesn’t understand the way of intelligents—the city folk. c. In the dream Joseph is giving him a sermon that will never end about unpardonable sin. i. The crowd beats him to death, but when he awakes he realizes it’s actually a rapping at the window. VI. Eventually he’s given a room because he can’t get back home due to the snow storm. a. Heathcliff doesn’t want to give him unmitigated access to the love of his life (much as the duchess poem) by allowing him to stay in the room. b. Bronte then invokes the supernatural by having Catherine’s ghost visit him. i. Another signal of a gothic novel. ii. Amazing and iconic moment when he hears the scratching, when he grabs her hand and is sawing it against his window. 1. This is a moment of the veil lifting. a. You won’t get a willing moment behind the veil with Heathcliff because he’s taciturn, angry and closed. i. However, Lockwood catches him unaware when Heathcliff bursts in to see Cathy, and thus he gets a peak at the anguish inside him. VII. Mr. Lockwood feels silly for taking his nightmare so seriously because of the anguish it produces within Heathcliff. VIII. Earnshaw is slowly being molded into a repetition of Heathcliff a. p. 19, he’s filled with “series of curses” b. No one can escape the pain that Heathcliff felt in his childhood and now he repeats it by inflicting it upon the next generation. i. This begins a cycle IX. Heathcliff as a Byronic hero. a. He’s a Romantic hero with dark characteristics. b. Do we feel for Heathcliff i. People were immediately upset with this arrival, as he hijacked love and wealth. c. Heathcliff is blunt, and allows pain to cause some kind of feeling in him. i. Lockwood simply seems to be running away from his hurts. X. Who was Cathy a. She seems like she was kind of a brat. b. But then again, what children are not mania driven c. The bond between Cathy and Heathcliff becomes indivisible as they grow up together. i. Cathy was just as manipulative as Heathcliff but in a different way, so perhaps that’s what bonded them. XI. Fascinating portrayals of evil in this book. Wuthering Heights Chapters 611 Notes I. Heathcliff development a. Now the reader likes Heathcliff after Lockwood is given an explanation as to why Heathcliff has become the person he has. i. This is a “nurture” view, that Heathcliff was brought up so horribly one has to understand how he turned out that way. 1. He’s doomed because of his childhood. b. The way that Heathcliff has been treated would mar anyone. c. The only time Heathcliff doesn’t feel pain is when he’s imagining a way to kill Hindley. i. He will bide his time and eventually have his revenge II. Heathcliff catching the baby (in Chapter 9) a. He catches the baby from over the stairs at the critical moment, almost as if by instinct. b. Does this signify a moment where Heathcliff sees himself in Hareton Or perhaps this demonstrates his naturally benevolent nature c. Did he plan to kill Hareton, would he have done it if it was indeed dark outside III. Nelly as a character a. She’s grown up as a foster sister to Hindley so it makes sense that she doesn’t strictly follow the role of the servants. b. She’s an unusual figure—she knows multiple languages and often acts above her place. IV. Nelly as a narrator a. We really want to know that we’re watching, that we’re listening to a real story, so how reliable is Nelly b. Do her own opinions of Cathy color her representation of Cathy Of Heathcliff c. Does Lockwood consider Nelly’s feelings He insists she tell him the story, but at what cost to him i. It is said that she’s telling a leisurely tale, and she seems to enjoy telling it. d. Yes, she’s a servant, but she’s also a go between. V. Heathcliff and Cathy as individuals and together a. Both are kind of terrible people separately, but together, they can produce love. b. The mathematics of their negative numbers make a positive, something good can come out of their individual poisonous personalities. c. Cathy thinks she can have both Heathcliff and Edgar, like a brat. i. This seems to go back to her childhood, where she got her way all the time and if people didn’t like what she wanted, they would simply have to deal with it. d. The book contains all these hints that perhaps this can turn into a conventional romance novel, which is why we have to keep reading! And yet, they keep messing it up with each other. e. No matter how Catherine tries to be the good, polite little girl, eventually she will be pulled back to her manic spirit, her natural state of being with Heathcliff. VI. These chapters are fundamentally about transformation, but how ultimately, your inscape is your inscape. a. These pages are as much loaded with transformation as they are with the idea that you are always yourself. b. Can people really change i. Change can occur, but it will be forced upon through them in the fires of violence or trauma. VII. Cathy—is she jealous of Isabella a. Her speech to Isabella about the way he would treat her is essentially the way she treats Heathcliff. i. They are the same person and they will equally destroy the Lintons. ii. “He’d be quite capable of marrying your fortune, and expectations” iii. “he’s a fierce, pitiless, wolfish man” b. Cathy is bored with Edgar and needs Heathcliff. They both entertain each other with their selfish natures and manipulation of others. VIII. Heathcliff teaches Hareton to curse his own father. a. This is opportunistic, vengeful, and smart. IX. Isabella a. Heathcliff uses her to get back at Cathy, to make her feel what he felt when she went after Edgar. i. It’s as much of a parallel as one can draw between the two. b. She, like Edgar, is gentle and seduced immediately, and stands hopeless against those larger, more malevolent forces like Cathy and Heathcliff. c. Cathy figures out that he wants her to be jealous and never admits to feeling that way. X. Heathcliff as a parasite a. He comes back and feeds off of Hindley who is too weak to fight him off. b. He spreads his poison into the Linton’s and in Wuthering Heights. XI. Power of vengeance a. Forgiveness as rotten and lightweight, whereas vengeance is the place of catharsis, the place of ingenuity and creativity. b. Perhaps that’s another thing that keeps us reading: that these people are diabolical and excellent in their ways of entrapment.