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Consider two ions with opposite charges separated by a

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby ISBN: 9780073511160 60

Solution for problem 38QP Chapter 4

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition

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Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition

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Problem 38QP

Problem 38QP

Consider two ions with opposite charges separated by a distance d. What effect does each of the following changes have on the force between the ions? (a) The positive charge is doubled, (b) The positive charge is doubled and the negative charge is halved, (c) The distance is doubled, (d) The distance is halved, (e) Both charges and the distance are doubled.

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Social Psychology: Chapter 12  How we behave around other people  How we think about/relate to influence one another o Someone present or watching (could be physical or implied presence)  Social Influence o Several different forms o Hitler, Stalin, David Koresh  One person’s impact can have an impact on people o Social norms  Face forward in elevator  Wait in lines  Certain places where you should smoke o Persuasion  Attitudes or beliefs influenced by another person’s communication  Systematic  Appeal to reason  Reasons why best presidential candidate / lay out facts  Heuristic  Appeal to emotion o Conformity  Tendency to what others do just because they are doing it  Why we conform  Normative influence (social norms) o Want to fit it, want others approval  Informative influence o Not sure how to act; look to others to see what to do  Asch’s study of Conformity o Conformity surprisingly high given:  Unambiguous  Strangers  Low stakes for being wrong o 24% participants never conformed  Personality characteristics/ factors  Desire for consistency o Changed either attitudes/beliefs or behavior o Foot in the Door Technique  Agree to small action; comply later with larger one  Safe driver study  17% consented to large, poorly lettered “Drive Carefully” sign  Almost 100% consented to 3-inch “Be a safe driver” sign  76% consented to the large sign  Cognitive Dissonance o Behaviors influence attitudes/beliefs o Cognitive Dissonance Theory  Festinger  Inconsistency leads to discomfort, change in attitude  Menial Task o Group 1 and 2  Tell others it’s fun o Group 1 gets $1 and group 2 gets $20  Which says it’s more enjoyable o Group 1  If unable to justify attitude change how they feel about the task o Obedience  Form of compliance  People follow direct commands, usually authority figure  Milgram Experiment  Test how people are really that evil (WWII and Holocaust time period)  Completely unethical so can’t be used today  26/40 (65%) completed the experiment  Factors that affect obedience o Yale vs. office building (48%) o Multiple “teachers”  Accomplices accepted orders (65%)  Accomplices defied orders (10%)  Group Behavior: 2 extremes  Diffusion of Responsibility o If alone, responsibility is yours, if others present, divided o Smoke filled room  Informational influence o Helping Behavior  People are less likely to help when in a group than when alone  75% help if alone  53% help in a group  Deindividuation o Large groups may increase impulsive, uninhibited behaviors o Less aware of individual values (take on values of the group)  Ex: Riots o Altruism  Behavior that helps other person  Unique to humans  Reciprocal altruism  Expect something in return (seen in animals) o Cooperation  Behavior that leads to mutual benefit  Studied quite a bit  Prisoner’s dilemma (game)  At first both remain silent, eventually one will confess (b/c people are thinking only of themselves  Tit-for-tat (iterative game)  Also one with forgiveness  Watch out for cheaters  Ultimatum game  2 people  offer and accept

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Chapter 4, Problem 38QP is Solved
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Textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First
Edition: 1
Author: Julia Burdge, Jason Overby
ISBN: 9780073511160

The full step-by-step solution to problem: 38QP from chapter: 4 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 08/07/17, 05:01AM. This full solution covers the following key subjects: doubled, distance, Charge, ions, halved. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 25 chapters, and 3129 solutions. Chemistry: Atoms First was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073511160. The answer to “Consider two ions with opposite charges separated by a distance d. What effect does each of the following changes have on the force between the ions? (a) The positive charge is doubled, (b) The positive charge is doubled and the negative charge is halved, (c) The distance is doubled, (d) The distance is halved, (e) Both charges and the distance are doubled.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 62 words. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First , edition: 1. Since the solution to 38QP from 4 chapter was answered, more than 271 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer.

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Consider two ions with opposite charges separated by a