Describe a situation in which heat transfer occurs. What are the resulting forms of energy?
● Overview of the Cosmological Argument: ○ While the ontological argument is a priori (independent of experience), the cosmological argument is a poste riori (takes personal experience into account). It claims that the observable world is ultimately explained by something transcendent: God. ○ Modal Terms: ■ Necessary thing: one whose nonexistence is impossible ■ Contingent thing: one whose existence a nd nonexistence are possible/impossible. ■ Possible thing: one whose existence is either certain or possible. ■ Impossible thing: one whose existence is impossible the opposite of a necessary thing. ■ Philosophers do not agree on which modal term is applied for each thing in the world because there is no agreedupon criteria for what is “possible” and what is “impossible.” ○ The cosmological argument asserts that there m ust be one necessary thing or being, and that would be God. However, this is a twostep process: one must prove that 1) there must be one necessary being and 2) that necessary being is God. ■ Saint Thomas of Aquinas reaches this conclusion without addressing these two issues. However, this criticism of Aquinas is unfounded because he is simply stating a historical fact: men before, such as Aristotle, have reached the c