Hoops A basketball player with a poor foul-shot record practices intensively during the off-season. He tells the coach that he has raised his proficiency from 60% to 80%. Dubious, the coach asks him to take 10 shots, and is surprised when the player hits 9 out of 10. Did the player prove that he has improved? a) Suppose the player really is no better than beforestill a 60% shooter. Whats the probability he can hit at least 9 of 10 shots anyway? (Hint: Use a Binomial model.) b) If that is what happened, now the coach thinks the player has improved when he has not. Which type of error is that? c) If the player really can hit 80% now, and it takes at least 9 out of 10 successful shots to convince the coach, whats the power of the test? d) List two ways the coach and player could increase the power to detect any improvement.

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