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Solutions for Chapter 8.3SE: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach 3rd Edition

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Full solutions for Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780321809247

Chemistry: A Molecular Approach | 3rd Edition | ISBN: 9780321809247 | Authors: Nivaldo J. Tro

Solutions for Chapter 8.3SE

Solutions for Chapter 8.3SE
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, edition: 3. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 8.3SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321809247. Since 2 problems in chapter 8.3SE have been answered, more than 434314 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Activating group

    Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.

  • atomic mass unit (amu)

    A unit of measure equivalent to 1 g divided by Avogadro’s number.

  • Atropisomers

    Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.

  • bond length.

    The distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms in a molecule. (9.4)

  • chelate effect

    The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)

  • Chiral

    From the Greek, cheir meaning hand; an object that is not superposable on its mirror image; an object that has handedness.

  • Conjugate base

    The species formed when an acid transfers a proton to a base

  • dextrorotatory

    A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).

  • dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d

    A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)

  • E2

    A bimolecular b-elimination reaction.

  • hydrochlorofluorocarbons, (HCFCs)

    Compounds that are similar in structure to CFCs but also possess at least one C!Hbond.

  • hydrogen deficiency index (HDI)

    A measure of the number of degrees of unsaturation in a compound.

  • Nernst equation

    An equation that relates the cell emf, E, to the standard emf, E°, and the reaction quotient, Q: E = E° - 1RT>nF2 ln Q. (Section 20.6)

  • nucleon

    A particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 21.1)

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • Phasing

    The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue

  • polar covalent bond

    A covalent bond in which the electrons are not shared equally. (Section 8.4)

  • protium

    The most common isotope of hydrogen. (Section 22.2)

  • tertiary alkyl halide

    An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.

  • Tollens’ reagent

    A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.

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