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Chemistry 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Full solutions for Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780618528448

Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780618528448 | Authors: Steven S. Zumdahl

Chemistry | 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Chemistry was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780618528448. The full step-by-step solution to problem in Chemistry were answered by Sieva Kozinsky, our top Chemistry solution expert on 12/23/17, 04:50PM. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters: 22. Since problems from 22 chapters in Chemistry have been answered, more than 12051 students have viewed full step-by-step answer.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • dienophile

    A compound that reacts with a diene in a Diels-Alder reaction.

  • disrotatory

    In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).

  • elimination-addition

    A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • hole

    A vacancy in the valence band of a semiconductor, created by doping. (Section 12.7)

  • mass-to-charge ratio(m/z)

    Thedetermining factor by which ions are separatedfrom each other in mass spectrometry.

  • mixture

    A combination of two or more substances in which each substance retains its own chemical identity. (Section 1.2)

  • nucleophilic acyl substitution

    A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.

  • orbital

    An allowed energy state of an electron in the quantum mechanical model of the atom; the term orbital is also used to describe the spatial distribution of the electron. An orbital is defined by the values of three quantum numbers: n, l, and ml (Section 6.5)

  • Part per million (ppm)

    Units used on NMR spectra to record chemical shift relative to the TMS standard.

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)

  • periplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.

  • plane of symmetry

    A plane that bisects a compound into two halves that are mirror images of each other.

  • Plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when hot and retains its shape when cooled

  • quantitative analysis

    The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)

  • Reduction

    The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both

  • Resonance energy

    The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.

  • Secondary (2°) amine

    An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to two carbons and one hydrogen

  • SI units

    The preferred metric units for use in science. (Section 1.4)

  • solution alloy

    A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)

  • Tautomers

    Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.

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