- Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations
- Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids
- Chapter 11: Properties of Solutions
- Chapter 12: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 13: Chemical Equilibrium
- Chapter 14: Acids and Bases
- Chapter 15: Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
- Chapter 16: Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
- Chapter 17: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 18: The Nucleus: A Chemists View
- Chapter 19: The Representative Elements: Groups 1A Through 4A
- Chapter 2: Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
- Chapter 20: The Representative Elements: Groups 5A Through 8A
- Chapter 21: Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
- Chapter 22: Organic and Biological Molecules
- Chapter 3: Stoichiometry
- Chapter 4: Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
- Chapter 5: Gases
- Chapter 6: Thermochemistry
- Chapter 7: Atomic Structure and Periodicity
- Chapter 8: Bonding: General Concepts
- Chapter 9: Covalent Bonding: Orbitals
Chemistry 7th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry | 7th Edition
The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state
Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
Diamagnetic current in NMR
The circulation of electron density in a molecule in an applied magnetic fi eld.
A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are syn to the larger bridge.
Coal, oil, and natural gas, which are presently our major sources of energy. (Section 5.8)
The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) that participate in a reaction.
A cyclic compound whose ring contains more than one kind of atom. Oxirane (ethylene oxide), for example, is a heterocycle whose ring contains two carbon atoms and one oxygen atom.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give an achiral molecule when one of the groups is replaced by another group. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of propane, for example, are homotopic. Replacing either one of them with deuterium gives 2-deuteropropane, which is achiral. Homotopic groups have identical chemical shifts under all conditions
isoelectric point (pI)
For an amino acid, the specific pH at which the concentration of the zwitterionic form reaches its maximum value.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Melt transition (Tm)
The temperature at which crystalline regions of a polymer melt.
The intermediateformed during oxymercuration.
A compound that consists of molecules. (Section 2.6)
Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.
A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)
sigma 1S2 bond
A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated along the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)
A pericyclic reaction in which one s bond is formed at the expense of another.
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)
An element, such as carbon, that forms four bonds.