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Solutions for Chapter 1.2: Describing Matter

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030391071 | Authors: R. Thomas Myers, Keith B. Oldham, Salvatore Tocci

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780030391071

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780030391071 | Authors: R. Thomas Myers, Keith B. Oldham, Salvatore Tocci

Solutions for Chapter 1.2: Describing Matter

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006, edition: 1. Since 14 problems in chapter 1.2: Describing Matter have been answered, more than 43305 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780030391071. Chapter 1.2: Describing Matter includes 14 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,4-adduct

    The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.

  • aldehydes.

    Compounds with a carbonyl functional group and the general formula RCHO, where R is an H atom, an alkyl, or an aromatic group. (24.4)

  • atomic mass unit (amu)

    A unit based on the value of exactly 12 amu for the mass of the isotope of carbon that has six protons and six neutrons in the nucleus. (Sections 2.3 and 3.3)

  • axial position

    For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is parallel to a vertical axis passing through the center of the ring.

  • benzyne

    A high-energy intermediate formed during the elimination-addition reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.

  • Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)

    A !COOH group.

  • carboxylic acids.

    Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)

  • conjugate base

    A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)

  • coplanar

    Atoms that lie in the same plane.

  • degenerate

    Having the same energy.

  • Keq

    A term that describes the position of equilibrium for a reaction: Keq = 3H3O+ 4 3A- 4 3HA4 3H2O4

  • Kinetic control

    Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.

  • Levorotatory

    Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the left.

  • molecular compound

    A compound that consists of molecules. (Section 2.6)

  • Optical purity

    The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.

  • photodissociation

    The breaking of a molecule into two or more neutral fragments as a result of absorption of light. (Section 18.2)

  • radionuclide

    A radioactive nuclide. (Section 21.1)

  • substrate

    The starting alkyl halide in a substitution or elimination reaction.

  • triplet

    In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of three peaks.

  • Z

    For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.

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