- 18.104.22.168.42: Explain why the term spectator ions is used.
- 22.214.171.124.43: What chemicals are present in a net ionic equation?
- 126.96.36.199.44: Is the following a correct net ionic equation? Explain. Na+(aq) + C...
- 188.8.131.52.45: Identify the spectator ion(s) in the following reaction: MgSO4(aq) ...
- 184.108.40.206.46: Use the rules from Skills Toolkit to explain how to determine the p...
- 220.127.116.11.47: Write a total ionic equation for each of the following unbalanced f...
- 18.104.22.168.48: Identify the spectator ions, and write a net ionic equation for eac...
- 22.214.171.124.49: Predict the products for each of the following reactions. If no rea...
- 126.96.36.199.50: Identify the spectator ions, and write a net ionic equation for eac...
- 188.8.131.52.51: Write a total ionic equation for each of the following reactions: a...
- 184.108.40.206.52: Identify the spectator ions, and write a net ionic equation for eac...
- 220.127.116.11.53: Why is K+ always a spectator ion?
- 18.104.22.168.54: Do net ionic equations always obey the rule of conservation of char...
- 22.214.171.124.55: Suppose a drinking-water supply contains Ba2+. Using solubility rul...
- 126.96.36.199.56: Explain why no reaction occurs if a doubledisplacement reaction has...
- 188.8.131.52.57: Explain why more than one reaction can have the same net ionic equa...
Solutions for Chapter 8.4: Writing Net Ionic Equations
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
A reaction for which the reagent necessary to catalyze the reaction is produced by the reaction itself.
An sp3 -hybridized carbon bonded to a benzene ring
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes. (1.1)
A property of a solvent (vapor-pressure lowering, freezing-point lowering, boiling-point elevation, osmotic pressure) that depends on the total concentration of solute particles present. (Section 13.5)
An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
A reaction that involves the addition of X2 (either Br2 or Cl2) across an alkene.
The relationship among the pH, pKa, and the concentrations of acid and conjugate base in an aqueous solution: pH = pKa + log 3base4 3acid4. (Section 17.2)
The less substituted product (alkene) of an elimination reaction.
homolitic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of unchanged species called radicals.
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
Structural isomers of coordination compounds in which a ligand differs in its mode of attachment to a metal ion. (Section 23.4)
nonmetallic elements (nonmetals)
Elements in the upper right corner of the periodic table; nonmetals differ from metals in their physical and chemical properties. (Section 2.5)
The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically containing carbon–carbon bonds. (Section 2.9; Chapter 24:Introduction)
The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)
A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)
reaction quotient (Q)
The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)
The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)
Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.
A conformation of cyclohexane that is lower in energy than a boat conformation but higher in energy than a chair conformation.