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Solutions for Chapter 9.1: Calculating Quantities in Reactions
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.
Compounds containing a carbon-carbon triple bond.
antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated outside the region between the two nuclei of bonded atoms. Such orbitals, designated as s* or p*, are less stable (of higher energy) than bonding molecular orbitals. (Section 9.7)
A substance that is an H+ acceptor; a base produces an excess of OH-1aq2 ions when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
A process by which molecular oxygen is used to convert food into CO2, water, and energy.
Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.
A carbohydrate containing two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic bond.
The group that is formed when two cysteine residues of a polypeptide or protein are joined together.
An element that forms two bonds, such as oxygen.
In the VSEPR model, a region about a central atom in which an electron pair is concentrated. (Section 9.2)
High-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)
The energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom when the atom is in its ground state. (Section 7.4)
The equilibrium that is established between an enol and a ketone in either acid-catalyzed or basecatalyzed conditions.
Thedetermining factor by which ions are separatedfrom each other in mass spectrometry.
Quaternary (4°) ammonium ion
An ion in which nitrogen is bonded to four carbons and bears a positive charge
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.
Polymers that are hard at room temperature but soft when heated.
A carbocation in which the positive charge is on one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.