- 16.1.1: What does the word rate mean in everyday life, and what do chemists...
- 16.1.2: What is the name given to the branch of chemistry dealing with reac...
- 16.1.3: Why is a collision between molecules necessary in many reactions?
- 16.1.4: How may reaction rates be measured?
- 16.1.5: Explain why reactant concentration influences the rate of a chemica...
- 16.1.6: Give examples of the strong effect that temperature has on chemical...
- 16.1.7: What is unique about surface reactions?
- 16.1.8: Why must coefficients be included in the definition of reaction rate?
- 16.1.9: Calculating the reaction rate from a product appeared to give an an...
- 16.1.10: The usual unit for reaction rate is M/s. Suggest a different unit t...
- 16.1.11: Explain why an increase in the frequency of collisions is not an ad...
- 16.1.12: Would the factors that affect the rate of a chemical reaction influ...
- 16.1.13: Why does pressure affect the rates of gas reactions?
Solutions for Chapter 16.1: What Affects the Rate of a Reaction?
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2006 | 1st Edition
The addition of atoms or groups of atoms to opposite faces of a carbon-carbon double bond.
Antibonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a higher energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
The light absorbed by a substance (A) equals the product of its extinction coefficient 1e2, the path length through which the light passes (b), and the molar concentration of the substance (c): A = ebc. (Section 14.2)
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)
An object that is not superimposable on its mirror image.
coupling (of radicals)
A radical process in which two radicals join together and form a bond.
A reaction involving loss of CO2, characteristic of compounds containing a carbonyl group that is beta to a COOH group.
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
A polynucleotide in which the sugar component is deoxyribose. (Section 24.10)
A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)
A carbohydrate in which the !OH on its anomeric carbon is replaced by !OR
The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.
On an aromatic ring, the C2 position.
The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)
An insoluble substance that forms in, and separates from, a solution. (Section 4.2)
Reaction coordinate diagram
A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.
A compound that contains no p bonds.
The threedimensional conformations of localized regions of a protein, including helices and b-pleated sheets.
A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers as, for example, between adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine to form nylon 66. Also called condensation polymerization.
Electrons in the valence (outermost) shell of an atom.