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Solutions for Chapter 7.1: Chemical Names and Formulas
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A type of rearrangement in which an atom or group of atoms with its bonding electrons moves from one atom to an adjacent electron-defi cient atom.
A carboxylic acid that contains an amino 1¬NH22 group attached to the carbon atom adjacent to the carboxylic acid 1¬COOH2 functional group. (Section 24.7)
See beta rays.
A neutral molecule that contains a carbon atom surrounded by only six valence electrons (R2C:).
A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.
A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
A lithium dialkyl cuprate (R2CuLi).
A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
Elements that lie along the diagonal line separating the metals from the nonmetals in the periodic table; the properties of metalloids are intermediate between those of metals and nonmetals. (Section 2.5)
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a conjugated p system, resulting in a 1,4-addition.
The state of a system at a particular instant; one of many possible energetically equivalent ways to arrange the components of a system to achieve a particular state. (Section 19.3)
N-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group
When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature
The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
A compound that reduces another compound and in the process is itself oxidized. Sodium borohydride and lithium aluminum hydride are reducing agents.
A selective reducing agent (NaBH3CN) that can be used for reductive amination.
Transfer RNA (tRNA
A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes
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