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Solutions for Chapter 7.2: Oxidation Numbers
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Polymers that are formed via cationic addition, anionic addition, or free-radical addition.
A carbohydrate that contains an aldehyde group.
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
An electrode at which oxidation occurs. (Section 20.3)
A solution in which water is the solvent. (Chapter 4: Introduction)
A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)
conjugate acid–base pair
An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)
A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction
E (Section 5.2C)
From the German, entgegen, opposite. Specifi es that groups of higher priority on the carbons of a double bond are on opposite sides
The process of separating compounds on the basis of their electric charge
A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)
A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
Atoms of the same element containing different numbers of neutrons and therefore having different masses. (Section 2.3)
Experimental conditions under which the composition of the product mixture is determined by the relative rates of formation of each product.
A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.
A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
Principle of microscopic reversibility
This principle states that the sequence of transition states and reactive intermediates in the mechanism of any reversible reaction must be the same, but in reverse order, for the reverse reaction as for the forward reaction
The total of (single bonds + lone pairs) for an atom in a compound.