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Solutions for Chapter 7.2: Oxidation Numbers
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.
amphoteric oxides and hydroxides
Oxides and hydroxides that are only slightly soluble in water but that dissolve in either acidic or basic solutions. (Section 17.5)
Energetic electrons emitted from the nucleus, symbol 0-1e or b-. (Section 21.1)
A neutral molecule with nonadjacent positive and negative charges. An example of a betaine is the intermediate formed by addition of a Wittig reagent to an aldehyde or ketone
Representations of a molecule or ion that differ only in the distribution of valence electrons.
dextrorotatory, or merely dextro or d
A term used to label a chiral molecule that rotates the plane of polarization of plane-polarized light to the right (clockwise). (Section 23.4)
A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)
Protons that are interchangeable by rotational symmetry.
An orbital that results from the mixing of different kinds of atomic orbitals on the same atom. For example, an sp3 hybrid results from the mixing, or hybridizing, of one s orbital and three p orbitals. (Section 9.5)
A polar group that has favorable interactions with water.
Low-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.
A rule stating that the molecular ion of a compound with an odd number of nitrogen atoms has an odd m/z ratio; if zero or an even number of nitrogen atoms, the molecular ion has an even m/z ratio
Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.
tertiary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.
A compound containing three hydroxyl groups.
A rule stating that the major product of a b-elimination reaction is the most stable alkene; that is, it is the alkene with the greatest number of substituents on the carboncarbon double bond