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Solutions for Chapter 10.1: The Kinetic-Molecular Theoryof Matter

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 10.1: The Kinetic-Molecular Theoryof Matter

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Chapter 10.1: The Kinetic-Molecular Theoryof Matter includes 7 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Since 7 problems in chapter 10.1: The Kinetic-Molecular Theoryof Matter have been answered, more than 14121 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activity series

    A list of metals in order of decreasing ease of oxidation. (Section 4.4)

  • alkanes

    Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)

  • alpha particles

    Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)

  • amorphous

    A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.

  • carbohydrates

    Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.

  • coordinate covalent bond.

    A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)

  • E1

    A unimolecular b-elimination reaction

  • Graham’s law

    A law stating that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight. (Section 10.8)

  • Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction

    A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.

  • heterogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.

  • Hund’s rule

    When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any

  • Infrared (IR) spectroscopy

    A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.

  • isomers

    Compounds whose molecules have the same overall composition but different structures. (Sections 2.9 and 23.4)

  • pi 1P2 molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)

  • racemic mixture

    A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)

  • random copolymer

    A polymer, comprised of more than one kind of repeating unit, in which there is a random distribution of repeating units.

  • reaction quotient (Q)

    The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)

  • reductive amination

    The conversion of a ketone or aldehyde into an imine under conditions in which the imine is reduced as soon as it is formed, giving an amine.

  • terpenes

    A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.

  • tetrahedral intermediate

    An intermediate with tetrahedral geometry. This type of intermediate is formed when a nucleophile attacks the carbonyl group of a carboxylic acid derivative.

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