- 10.1.10.1.1: Use the kinetic- molecular theory to explain the following properti...
- 10.1.10.1.2: Describe the conditions under which a real gas is most likely to be...
- 10.1.10.1.3: Which of the following gases would you expect to deviate significan...
- 10.1.10.1.4: How does the kinetic-molecular theory explain the pressure exerted ...
- 10.1.10.1.5: What happens to gas particles when a gas is compressed?
- 10.1.10.1.6: What happens to gas particles when a gas is heated?
- 10.1.10.1.7: DRAWING CONCLUSIONS Molecules of hydrogen escape from Earth, but mo...
Solutions for Chapter 10.1: The Kinetic-Molecular Theoryof Matter
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A list of metals in order of decreasing ease of oxidation. (Section 4.4)
Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.
Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
A unimolecular b-elimination reaction
A law stating that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight. (Section 10.8)
A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.
A catalyst that does not dissolve in the reaction medium.
When orbitals of equal energy are available but there are not enough electrons to fi ll all of them completely, one electron is put in each before a second electron is added to any
Infrared (IR) spectroscopy
A spectroscopic technique in which a compound is irradiated with infrared radiation, absorption of which causes covalent bonds to change from a lower vibration state to a higher one. Infrared spectroscopy is particularly valuable for determining the kinds of functional groups present in a molecule.
Compounds whose molecules have the same overall composition but different structures. (Sections 2.9 and 23.4)
pi 1P2 molecular orbital
A molecular orbital that concentrates the electron density on opposite sides of an imaginary line that passes through the nuclei. (Section 9.8)
A mixture of equal amounts of the dextrorotatory and levorotatory forms of a chiral molecule. A racemic mixture will not rotate the plane of polarized light. (Section 23.4)
A polymer, comprised of more than one kind of repeating unit, in which there is a random distribution of repeating units.
reaction quotient (Q)
The value that is obtained when concentrations of reactants and products are inserted into the equilibrium expression. If the concentrations are equilibrium concentrations, Q = K; otherwise, Q ? K. (Section 15.6)
The conversion of a ketone or aldehyde into an imine under conditions in which the imine is reduced as soon as it is formed, giving an amine.
A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.
An intermediate with tetrahedral geometry. This type of intermediate is formed when a nucleophile attacks the carbonyl group of a carboxylic acid derivative.
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