- 10.4.10.1.20: What is equilibrium?
- 10.4.10.1.21: What happens when a liquid-vapor system at equilibrium experiences ...
- 10.4.10.1.22: What would be an example of deposition?
- 10.4.10.1.23: What is the equilibrium vapor pressure of a liquid? How is it measu...
- 10.4.10.1.24: What is the boiling point of a liquid?
- 10.4.10.1.25: In the phase diagram for water, what is meant by the triple point a...
- 10.4.10.1.26: INTERPRETING GRAPHICS Refer to the phase diagram for water (Figure ...
Solutions for Chapter 10.4: Changes of State
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)
An addition reaction in which a hydrogen atom is installed at the more substituted vinylic position and another group (such as a halogen) is installed at the less substituted vinylic position.
axis of symmetry
An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.
The SI unit of radioactivity. It corresponds to one nuclear disintegration per second. (Section 21.4)
Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones with molecular formula CxH2xOx.
A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.
The energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous atom or ion. (Section 7.5)
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
A polymer constructed from a single type of monomer.
A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.
A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.
metathesis (exchange) reaction
A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived; also called an energy-level diagram. (Section 9.7)
In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration
A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.
Constitutional isomers that rapidly interconvert via the migration of a proton.
Vibrational infrared region
A common type of spin-spin coupling involving the H atoms on two C atoms that are bonded to each other.