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Solutions for Chapter 10.4: Changes of State

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 10.4: Changes of State

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 7 problems in chapter 10.4: Changes of State have been answered, more than 51345 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Chapter 10.4: Changes of State includes 7 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • 1,2-elimination

    An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.

  • acid

    A substance that is able to donate a H+ ion (a proton) and, hence, increases the concentration of H+1aq2 when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)

  • activity series.

    A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)

  • alkynes

    Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)

  • amphiprotic

    Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)

  • base

    A substance that is an H+ acceptor; a base produces an excess of OH-1aq2 ions when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)

  • base peak

    In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.

  • blocking group

    A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.

  • Bond dipole moment

    A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms

  • cephalins

    Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.

  • common ion effect.

    The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)

  • dehydration

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.

  • Dieckmann cyclization

    An intramolecular Claisen condensation.

  • homogeneous catalysts

    A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.

  • organic chemistry

    The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically containing carbon–carbon bonds. (Section 2.9; Chapter 24:Introduction)

  • phase change

    The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)

  • Pi (p) molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital formed by overlapping parallel 2p orbitals on adjacent atoms; its electron density lies above and below the line connecting the atoms

  • Rate determining step

    The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.

  • s-trans

    A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).

  • Solvolysis

    A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile

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