- 10.4.10.1.20: What is equilibrium?
- 10.4.10.1.21: What happens when a liquid-vapor system at equilibrium experiences ...
- 10.4.10.1.22: What would be an example of deposition?
- 10.4.10.1.23: What is the equilibrium vapor pressure of a liquid? How is it measu...
- 10.4.10.1.24: What is the boiling point of a liquid?
- 10.4.10.1.25: In the phase diagram for water, what is meant by the triple point a...
- 10.4.10.1.26: INTERPRETING GRAPHICS Refer to the phase diagram for water (Figure ...
Solutions for Chapter 10.4: Changes of State
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
A substance that is able to donate a H+ ion (a proton) and, hence, increases the concentration of H+1aq2 when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)
Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. (Section 24.2)
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
A substance that is an H+ acceptor; a base produces an excess of OH-1aq2 ions when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
In mass spectrometry, the tallest peak in the spectrum, which is assigned a relative value of 100%.
A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.
common ion effect.
The shift in equilibrium caused by the addition of a compound having an ion in common with the dissolved substances. (16.2)
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.
An intramolecular Claisen condensation.
A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.
The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically containing carbon–carbon bonds. (Section 2.9; Chapter 24:Introduction)
The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)
Pi (p) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital formed by overlapping parallel 2p orbitals on adjacent atoms; its electron density lies above and below the line connecting the atoms
Rate determining step
The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.
A conformation of a conjugateddiene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is translike (a dihedral angle of 180°).
A nucleophilic substitution in which the solvent is also the nucleophile