- 10.4.10.1.20: What is equilibrium?
- 10.4.10.1.21: What happens when a liquid-vapor system at equilibrium experiences ...
- 10.4.10.1.22: What would be an example of deposition?
- 10.4.10.1.23: What is the equilibrium vapor pressure of a liquid? How is it measu...
- 10.4.10.1.24: What is the boiling point of a liquid?
- 10.4.10.1.25: In the phase diagram for water, what is meant by the triple point a...
- 10.4.10.1.26: INTERPRETING GRAPHICS Refer to the phase diagram for water (Figure ...
Solutions for Chapter 10.4: Changes of State
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.
An estimate of the size of an atom. See bonding atomic radius. (Section 7.3)
A triplet of nucleotides on mRNA that directs incorporation of a specifi c amino acid into a polypeptide sequence.
The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).
The arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule. (Chapter 6:Introduction)
Faraday constant (F )
The magnitude of charge of one mole of electrons: 96,500 C>mol. (Section 20.5)
A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
Compounds that contain only carbon, fluorine, and hydrogen (no chlorine).
An equation of state for gases that embodies Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, and Avogadro’s hypothesis in the form PV = nRT. (Section 10.4)
Solids that are composed of ions. (Section 12.1)
A type of isomerism involving keto (from ketone) and enol tautomers
An effect thatprevents the use of bases stronger than hydroxidewhen the solvent is water.
The lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.
metallic elements (metals)
Elements that are usually solids at room temperature, exhibit high electrical and heat conductivity, and appear lustrous. Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals. (Sections 2.5 and 12.1)
When electromagnetic radiation is viewed as a particle, an individual packet of energy.
Changes (such as a phase change) that occur with no change in chemical composition. (Section 1.3)
A measure of the ease of distortion of the distribution of electron density about an atom or group in response to interaction with other molecules or ions. Fluorine which has a high electronegativity and holds its electrons tightly, has a very low polarizability. Iodine, which has a lower electronegativity and holds its electrons less tightly, has a very high polarizability.
A solvent that is a hydrogen-bond donor. Common protic solvents are water, low-molecular-weight alcohols, and low-molecular weight carboxylic acids.
A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene
A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.
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