Solutions for Chapter 10: States of Matter

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 10: States of Matter

Solutions for Chapter 10
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Textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012
Edition: 1
Author: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis
ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Since 55 problems in chapter 10: States of Matter have been answered, more than 20595 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Chapter 10: States of Matter includes 55 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • antibonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • Benzyl group (C6H5CH2!)

    The group derived from toluene by removing a hydrogen from its methyl group.

  • binary compounds.

    Compounds formed from just two elements. (2.7)

  • bonding MO

    A low-energy molecular orbital resulting from the constructive interference between atomic orbitals.

  • Cyanohydrin

    A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.

  • Diastereomers

    Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other; refers to relationships among two or more objects

  • disaccharide

    Carbohydrates comprisedof two monosaccharide units joined via aglycosidic linkage between the anomeric carbonof one monosaccharide and a hydroxyl group ofthe other monosaccharide.

  • displacement reaction

    A reaction in which an element reacts with a compound, displacing an element from it. (Section 4.4)

  • E1cb mechanism

    An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.

  • frequency

    For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.

  • Haloform

    A compound of the type CHX3 where X is a halogen.

  • Lewis structure

    A representation of covalent bonding in a molecule that is drawn using Lewis symbols. Shared electron pairs are shown as lines, and unshared electron pairs are shown as pairs of dots. Only the valence-shell electrons are shown. (Section 8.3)

  • Markovnikov’s rule

    In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.

  • oxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.

  • Pi (p) molecular orbital

    A molecular orbital formed by overlapping parallel 2p orbitals on adjacent atoms; its electron density lies above and below the line connecting the atoms

  • Protecting group

    Reversibly creating an unreactive group for the purpose of preventing a functional group from potentially reacting to give an unwanted product or products

  • Substitution

    A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms in a compound is replaced by another atom or group of atoms.

  • trivalent

    An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.

  • waxes

    High-molecular-weight esters that are constructed from carboxylic acids and alcohols.

  • Z

    For alkenes, a stereodescriptor that indicates that the two priority groups are on the same side of the p bond.

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