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Solutions for Chapter 11.2: The Gas Laws
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A compound containing a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals with 4n+2p electrons.
The ability of the atoms of an element to form bonds with one another. (22.3)
The potential energy between two ions is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them. (9.3)
crystal field splitting (D).
The energy difference between two sets of d orbitals in a metal atom when ligands are present. (23.5)
An ionic compound that is formed upon treatment of a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
The escape of a gas through an orifice or hole. (Section 10.8)
A curved arrow with only one barb, indicating the motion of just one electron (also see Sect. 11.1).
A push or a pull. (Section 5.1)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
A protein, particularly rich in the basic amino acids lysine and arginine, that is found associated with DNA molecules
A Lewis base bonded to a metal atom in a coordination compound. It may bond strongly or weakly.
On an aromatic ring, the C3 position.
The change in specifi c rotation that occurs when an a or b hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate in aqueous solution is converted to an equilibrium mixture of the two forms.
A particle found in the nucleus of an atom. (Section 21.1)
When used in the context of fats and oils, a mixture of triglycerides that is liquid at room temperature
The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.
The name given to O3, an allotrope of oxygen. (Section 7.8)
Sigma (s) molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electron density is concentrated between two nuclei, along the axis joining them, and is cylindrically symmetrical
The conjugate base of a thiol.