- 22.214.171.124.9: Relate the effect of temperature and pressure on a gas to the model...
- 126.96.36.199.10: A sample of helium gas has a volume of 200.0 mL at 0.960 atm. What ...
- 188.8.131.52.11: A sample of nitrogen gas occupies 1.55 L at 27.0C and 1.00 atm. Wha...
- 184.108.40.206.12: A gas occupies 2.0 m3 at 100.0 K and exerts a pressure of 100.0 kPa...
- 220.127.116.11.13: ANALYZING RESULTS A student has the following data: V1 = 822 mL, T1...
- 18.104.22.168.14: APPLYING MODELS Explain Charless law in terms of the kinetic-molecu...
Solutions for Chapter 11.2: The Gas Laws
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
A compound containing an sp3 -hybridized nitrogen atom bonded to one, two, or three carbon atoms
A structural form of protein in which two strands of amino acids are hydrogen-bonded together in a zipperlike configuration. (Section 24.7)
Carbonyl group (Section 1.3C)
A C"O group.
In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.
The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)
A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)
For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.
The attractive forces between molecules.
Compounds whose molecules have the same overall composition but different structures. (Sections 2.9 and 23.4)
A carbohydrate for which the chirality center farthest from the carbonyl group will have an OH group pointing to the left in the Fischer projection.
A biomolecule isolated from plant or animal sources by extraction with nonpolar organic solvents, such as diethyl ether and hexane.
metathesis (exchange) reaction
A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)
A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)
The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.
For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.
redox (oxidation–reduction) reaction
A reaction in which certain atoms undergo changes in oxidation states. The substance increasing in oxidation state is oxidized; the substance decreasing in oxidation state is reduced. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
A carbohydrate that reacts with an oxidizing agent to form an aldonic acid. In this reaction, the carbohydrate reduces the oxidizing agent.
standard atomic weight
The weighted averages for each element, which takes into account isotopic abundance.
The study of three-dimensional arrangements of atoms in molecules
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)
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