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Solutions for Chapter 14.1: Properties of Acids and Bases
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)
Attraction between unlike molecules. (11.3)
A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.
The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.
A hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings. (24.1)
The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100
A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)
Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).
CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.
A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.
The highest occupied molecular orbital.
An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons
Order of precedence of functions
A ranking of functional groups in order of priority for the purposes of IUPAC nomenclature.
pH titration curve
A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)
A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.
A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).
Lipids that contain 20 carbon atoms and are characterized by a five-membered ring with two side chains.
A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)
A test for determining the relationship between two protons. The compound is drawn two times, each time replacing one of the protons with deuterium. If the two compounds are identical, the protons are homotopic. If the two compounds are enantiomers, the protons are enantiotopic. If the two compounds are diastereomers, the protons are diastereotopic.
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