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Solutions for Chapter 14.1: Properties of Acids and Bases

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 14.1: Properties of Acids and Bases

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Chapter 14.1: Properties of Acids and Bases includes 5 full step-by-step solutions. Since 5 problems in chapter 14.1: Properties of Acids and Bases have been answered, more than 14136 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid rain

    Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)

  • adhesion.

    Attraction between unlike molecules. (11.3)

  • Alcohol

    A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom

  • aldonic acid

    The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.

  • Allene

    The compound CH2"C"CH2. Any compound that contains adjacent carbon-carbon double bonds; that is, any molecule that contains a C"C"C functional group.

  • aromatic hydrocarbon.

    A hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings. (24.1)

  • Base peak

    The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100

  • closed system.

    A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)

  • exothermic

    Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).

  • Freons

    CFCs that were heavily used for a wide variety of commercial applications, including as refrigerants, as propellants, in the production of foam insulation, as fire-fighting materials, and many other useful applications.

  • gauche conformation

    A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.

  • HOMO

    The highest occupied molecular orbital.

  • Line-angle formula

    An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which vertices and line endings represent carbons

  • Order of precedence of functions

    A ranking of functional groups in order of priority for the purposes of IUPAC nomenclature.

  • pH titration curve

    A graph of pH as a function of added titrant. (Section 17.3)

  • polarimeter

    A device that measures the rotation of plane-polarized light caused by optically active compounds.

  • primary

    A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • prostaglandins

    Lipids that contain 20 carbon atoms and are characterized by a five-membered ring with two side chains.

  • reaction rate

    A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)

  • replacement test

    A test for determining the relationship between two protons. The compound is drawn two times, each time replacing one of the protons with deuterium. If the two compounds are identical, the protons are homotopic. If the two compounds are enantiomers, the protons are enantiotopic. If the two compounds are diastereomers, the protons are diastereotopic.

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