- 184.108.40.206.7: What kind of enthalpy change favors a spontaneous reaction?
- 220.127.116.11.8: What is entropy, and how does it relate to spontaneity of reactions?
- 18.104.22.168.9: List several changes that result in an entropy increase.
- 22.214.171.124.10: Define free energy, and explain how its change is calculated.
- 126.96.36.199.11: Explain the relationship between free- energy change and spontaneit...
- 188.8.131.52.12: In the reaction in Sample D, why does the entropy increase?
- 184.108.40.206.13: APPLYING MODELS Most biological enzymes become denatured when they ...
Solutions for Chapter 16.2: Driving Force of Reactions
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The product obtainedfrom 1,2-addition across a conjugated p system.
A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)
A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.
Difference in electrical potential between the anode and the cathode of a galvanic cell. (18.2)
From the Greek, cheir meaning hand; an object that is not superposable on its mirror image; an object that has handedness.
An ArN2 1 or RN2 1 ion
Proteins that consist of linear chains that are bundled together.
ignal splitting in NMR
Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.
A compound containing a five-membered ring that is similar to pyrrole but has one extra nitrogen atom at the 3 position.
A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
A process by which the chain of a carbohydrate is lengthened by one carbon atom.
The difference between the mass of a nucleus and the total masses of the individual nucleons that it contains. (Section 21.6)
On an aromatic ring, the C4position.
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)
A solvent that contains at least one hydrogen atom connected directly to an electronegative atom.
A covalent bond involving one electron pair. (Section 8.3)
The clustering of solvent molecules around a solute particle. (Section 13.1)
A diverse class of naturally occurring compounds that can be thought of as being assembled from isoprene units, each of which contains five carbon atoms.