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Solutions for Chapter 16.2: Driving Force of Reactions

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 16.2: Driving Force of Reactions

Since 7 problems in chapter 16.2: Driving Force of Reactions have been answered, more than 14035 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 16.2: Driving Force of Reactions includes 7 full step-by-step solutions. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aldonic acid

    The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group

  • alloy

    A substance that has the characteristic properties of a metal and contains more than one element. Often there is one principal metallic component, with other elements present in smaller amounts. Alloys may be homogeneous or heterogeneous. (Section 12.3)

  • Aryl group (Ar -)

    A group derived from an arene by removal of an H.

  • atmosphere (atm)

    A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)

  • Beer’s law

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)

  • buffered solution (buffer)

    A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)

  • chelate effect

    The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)

  • colloid.

    A dispersion of particles of one substance (the dispersed phase) throughout a dispersing medium made of another substance. (12.8)

  • Correlation tables

    Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.

  • covalent bond

    A bond formed between two or more atoms by a sharing of electrons. (Section 8.1)

  • deshielded

    In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.

  • dilution.

    A procedure for preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated solution. (4.5)

  • element

    A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)

  • Glycol

    A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.

  • Lewis base

    An electron-pair donor. (Section 16.11)

  • Meso compound

    An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers

  • Orthogonal

    Having no net overlap.

  • Tautomers

    Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.

  • Tollens’ reagent

    A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.

  • Wittig reaction

    A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.

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