- 126.96.36.199.7: What kind of enthalpy change favors a spontaneous reaction?
- 188.8.131.52.8: What is entropy, and how does it relate to spontaneity of reactions?
- 184.108.40.206.9: List several changes that result in an entropy increase.
- 220.127.116.11.10: Define free energy, and explain how its change is calculated.
- 18.104.22.168.11: Explain the relationship between free- energy change and spontaneit...
- 22.214.171.124.12: In the reaction in Sample D, why does the entropy increase?
- 126.96.36.199.13: APPLYING MODELS Most biological enzymes become denatured when they ...
Solutions for Chapter 16.2: Driving Force of Reactions
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group
A substance that has the characteristic properties of a metal and contains more than one element. Often there is one principal metallic component, with other elements present in smaller amounts. Alloys may be homogeneous or heterogeneous. (Section 12.3)
Aryl group (Ar -)
A group derived from an arene by removal of an H.
A unit of pressure equal to 760 torr; 1 atm = 101.325 kPa. (Section 10.2) atom The smallest representative particle of an element. (Sections 1.1 and 2.1)
In UV-Vis spectroscopy, an equation describing the relationship between molar absorptivity (e), absorbance (A), concentration (C), and path length (l): e = A (C Ž l)
buffered solution (buffer)
A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)
The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)
A dispersion of particles of one substance (the dispersed phase) throughout a dispersing medium made of another substance. (12.8)
Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.
A bond formed between two or more atoms by a sharing of electrons. (Section 8.1)
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is poor.
A procedure for preparing a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated solution. (4.5)
A substance consisting of atoms of the same atomic number. Historically defined as a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by chemical means. (Sections 1.1 and 1.2)
A compound with hydroxyl (!OH) groups on adjacent carbons.
An electron-pair donor. (Section 16.11)
An achiral compound possessing two or more chiral centers that also has chiral isomers
Having no net overlap.
Constitutional isomers in equilibrium with each other that differ in the location of a hydrogen atom and a double bond relative to a heteroatom, most commonly O, N, or S.
A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.
A reaction that converts an aldehyde or ketone into an alkene, with the introduction of one or more carbon atoms.
Textbook Survival Guides
Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or email@example.com
Forgot password? Reset it here