- 19.2.1: What two quantities are conserved in redox equations?
- 19.2.2: Why do we add H+ and H2O to some half- reactions and OH- and H2O to...
- 19.2.3: Balance the following redox reaction: Na2SnO2 + Bi(OH)3 Bi + Na2SnO...
- 19.2.4: RELATING IDEAS When heated, elemental phosphorus, P4, produces phos...
Solutions for Chapter 19.2: Balancing Redox Equations
Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition
The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state
A reaction in which one molecule adds to another. (24.2)
aldol addition reaction
A reaction that occurs when an aldehyde or ketone is attacked by an enolate ion. The product of an aldol addition reaction is always a b-hydroxy aldehyde or ketone.
A hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings. (24.1)
The measurement of heat changes. (6.5)
A strong attractive force that exists between atoms in a molecule. (Section 8.1)
A symbol used to show that structures on either side of it are resonance-contributing structures
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).
Atoms of the same element containing different numbers of neutrons and therefore having different masses. (Section 2.3)
A process by which the chain of a carbohydrate is lengthened by one carbon atom.
The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
For light, the orientation of the electric field.
A compound such as a phenol that selectively reacts with radicals to remove them from a chain reaction and terminate the chain
redox (oxidation–reduction) reaction
A reaction in which certain atoms undergo changes in oxidation states. The substance increasing in oxidation state is oxidized; the substance decreasing in oxidation state is reduced. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).
A concise verbal statement or a mathematical equation that summarizes a wide range of observations and experiences. (Section 1.3)
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.