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Solutions for Chapter 22.2: Hydrocarbons

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Full solutions for Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780547586632

Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780547586632 | Authors: Jerry L. Sarquis, Mickey Sarquis

Solutions for Chapter 22.2: Hydrocarbons

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012, edition: 1. Modern Chemistry: Student Edition 2012 was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780547586632. Since 6 problems in chapter 22.2: Hydrocarbons have been answered, more than 46430 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 22.2: Hydrocarbons includes 6 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid

    A substance that is able to donate a H+ ion (a proton) and, hence, increases the concentration of H+1aq2 when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)

  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • alkyl group

    A substituent lacking p bonds and comprised of only carbon and hydrogen atoms.

  • coordination number.

    In a crystal lattice it is defined as the number of atoms (or ions) surrounding an atom (or ion) (11.4). In coordination compounds it is defined as the number of donor atoms surrounding the central metal atom in a complex. (23.3)

  • delocalized

    A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.

  • Enantiomers

    Stereoisomers that are nonsuperposable mirror images of each other; refers to a relationship between pairs of objects

  • Fischer esterification

    A process in which a carboxylic acid is converted into an ester when treated with an alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • Frost circles

    A simple method for drawing the relative energy levels of the MOs for a ring assembled from continuously overlapping p orbitals.

  • hole

    A vacancy in the valence band of a semiconductor, created by doping. (Section 12.7)

  • hydride shift

    A type of carbocation rearrangement that involves the migration of a hydride ion (H-).

  • isothermal process

    One that occurs at constant temperature. (Section 19.1)

  • micelle

    A group of molecules arranged in a sphere such that the surface of the sphere is comprised of polar groups, rendering the micelle water soluble.

  • mixture

    A combination of two or more substances in which each substance retains its own chemical identity. (Section 1.2)

  • Observed rotation

    the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light

  • periplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.

  • Protecting group

    Reversibly creating an unreactive group for the purpose of preventing a functional group from potentially reacting to give an unwanted product or products

  • S (Section 3.3

    From the Latin, sinister, left; used in the R,S convention to show that the order of priority of groups on a chiral center is counterclockwise

  • sigma 1S2 bond

    A covalent bond in which electron density is concentrated along the internuclear axis. (Section 9.6)

  • SN1 reaction

    A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.

  • stereoselective

    A reaction in which one substrate produces two stereoisomers in unequal amounts.

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