- 3.1.1: What are the units of specific gravity?
- 3.1.2: A liquid has a specific gravity of 0.50. What is its density in g/c...
- 3.1.3: If substance A and substance B each have a density of 1.34 g/cm3 , ...
- 3.1.4: If substance A and substance B each have a specific gravity of 1.34...
- 3.1.5: Freezing a sealed full bottle of water leads to a broken bottle, an...
- 3.1.6: Does the density of liquid mercury increase or decrease with increa...
Solutions for Chapter 3.1: MASS AND VOLUME
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.
acid ionization constant (Ka).
The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)
See alpha rays.
A synthetic method that employs diethyl acetamidomalonate as the starting material and enables the preparation of racemic a-amino acids.
A compound containing a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals with 4n+2p electrons.
beta (b) rays.
A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)
Having the same energy.
Nonequivalent protons for which the replacement test produces diastereomers.
The spreading of one substance through a space occupied by one or more other substances. (Section 10.8)
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
effective nuclear charge
The net positive charge experienced by an electron in a many-electron atom; this charge is not the full nuclear charge because there is some shielding of the nucleus by the other electrons in the atom. (Section 7.2)
Enantiomeric excess (ee)
The difference between the percentage of two enantiomers in a mixture
A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.
In 1H NMR spectroscopy, the area under a signal indicates the number of protons giving rise to the signal.
An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)
A naturally occurring mixture of gaseous hydrocarbon compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon. (Section 5.8)
Replacing this hydrogen by deuterium gives a chiral center with an R confi guration
A reaction for which the ratio of products is determined solely by the distribution of energy among the products.
A polymer that can be molded when it is fi rst prepared, but once cooled, hardens irreversibly and cannot be remelted.