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Solutions for Chapter 4.22: SUMMARY

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 4.22: SUMMARY

Solutions for Chapter 4.22
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Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291. Since 1 problems in chapter 4.22: SUMMARY have been answered, more than 8653 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 4.22: SUMMARY includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid rain

    Rainwater that has become excessively acidic because of absorption of pollutant oxides, notably SO3, produced by human activities. (Section 18.2)

  • acid.

    A substance that yields hydrogen ions (H1) when dissolved in water. (2.7)

  • actual yield.

    The amount of product actually obtained in a reaction. (3.10)

  • barometer

    An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure. (5.2)

  • bonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • changes of state

    Transformations of matter from one state to a different one, for example, from a gas to a liquid. (Section 1.3)

  • coplanar

    Atoms that lie in the same plane.

  • E1cb mechanism

    An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.

  • electrometallurgy

    The use of electrolysis to reduce or refine metals. (Section 20.9)

  • enantiomerically pure

    A substance that consists of a single enantiomer, and not its mirror image.

  • energy of activation

    In an energy diagram, the height of the energy barrier (the hump) between the reactants and the products.

  • enthalpy

    A measure of the exchange of energy between the system and its surroundings during any process.

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • epoxide

    A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an oxirane (also see Sect. 14.7).

  • London dispersion forces

    Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.

  • mass spectrometer

    A device inwhich a compound is first vaporized and convertedinto ions, which are then separated anddetected.

  • reducing sugar

    A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.

  • Reduction

    The gain of electrons. Alternatively, either the gain of hydrogen, loss of oxygen, or both

  • standard emf, also called the standard cell potential 1E°2

    The emf of a cell when all reagents are at standard conditions. (Section 20.4)

  • tertiary structure

    The threedimensional shape of a protein.

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