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Solutions for Chapter 4.81: SUMMARY

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition

ISBN: 9780470616291

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition | ISBN: 9780470616291 | Authors: Richard M. Felder Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard

Solutions for Chapter 4.81: SUMMARY

Solutions for Chapter 4.81
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Chapter 4.81: SUMMARY includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780470616291. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, edition: 4. Since 1 problems in chapter 4.81: SUMMARY have been answered, more than 42457 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Anomers

    Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.

  • Aufbau principle.

    As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)

  • basic anhydride (basic oxide)

    An oxide that forms a base when added to water; soluble metal oxides are basic anhydrides. (Section 22.5)

  • biochemistry

    The study of the chemistry of living systems. (Chapter 24: Introduction)

  • block copolymer

    A copolymer in which the different homopolymer subunits are connected together in one chain.

  • cation

    A positively charged ion. (Section 2.7)

  • Conformation

    Any three-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule that results from rotation about a single bond.

  • coupling (of radicals)

    A radical process in which two radicals join together and form a bond.

  • diatomic molecule

    A molecule composed of only two atoms. (Section 2.6)

  • Fischer projections

    A drawing style that is often used when dealing with compounds bearing multiple chirality centers, especially for carbohydrates. (See also Sect. 5.7.)

  • half-reaction

    An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)

  • Haloalkene (vinylic halide)

    A compound containing a halogen atom bonded to one of the carbons of a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction

    A reaction in which a carboxylic acid undergoes a-halogenation when treated with bromine in the presence of PBr3.

  • hydration

    A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.

  • Hydrogen bonding

    The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).

  • ionic reaction

    A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.

  • Lewis dot structure

    The symbol of an element surrounded by a number of dots equal to the number of electrons in the valence shell of the atom

  • oxidizing agent, or oxidant

    The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

  • primary cell

    A voltaic cell that cannot be recharged. (Section 20.7)

  • Resonance energy

    The difference in energy between a resonance hybrid and the most stable of its hypothetical contributing structures in which electrons are localized on particular atoms and in particular bonds.

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