- 6.2.1: Define and give examples of extensive and intensive variables. Defi...
- 6.2.2: Use the phase rule to determine the degrees of freedom of each of t...
Solutions for Chapter 6.2: THE GIBBS PHASE RULE
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
A reaction in which two alkenes interchange the carbons attached to their double bonds.
A neutral molecule with nonadjacent positive and negative charges. An example of a betaine is the intermediate formed by addition of a Wittig reagent to an aldehyde or ketone
Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.
A triplet of nucleotides on mRNA that directs incorporation of a specifi c amino acid into a polypeptide sequence.
Colors that, when mixed in proper proportions, appear white or colorless. (Section 23.5)
A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
A monosaccharide that, when written as a Fischer projection, has the !OH on its penultimate carbon to the right.
A termination process that involves the abstraction of a hydrogen atom from the beta position of the propagating radical of one chain by the radical endgroup of another chain.
A conformation about a carboncarbon single bond in which the atoms or groups on one carbon are as close as possible to the atoms or groups on an adjacent carbon.
A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH) connected to the same carbon atom.
A hypothetical gas whose pressure, volume, and temperature behavior is completely described by the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.
Group 1A–7A elements react to achieve an outer shell of eight valence electrons.
Small molecules that are trapped between polymer chains where they function as lubricants, preventing the polymer from being brittle.
An applied magnetic fi eld causes the p electrons of an aromatic ring to circulate, giving rise to the so-called ring current and an associated magnetic fi eld that opposes the applied fi eld in the middle of the ring but reinforces the applied fi eld on the outside of the ring.
Isomers that have the same molecular formula and the same connectivity of their atoms but a different orientation of their atoms in space
Transfer RNA (tRNA
A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes
Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR)
A method for predicting bond angles based on the idea that electron pairs repel each other and keep as far apart as possible.
van der Waals forces
A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces