- A.2e.1: Could you use Newtons rule to find a root of the equation x2 3x 3 0...
- A.2e.2: Suppose you wish to find a root of fx 0, where fx versus x appears ...
Solutions for Chapter A.2e: ITERATIVE SOLUTION OF NONLINEAR ALGEBRAIC EQUATIONS
Full solutions for Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes | 4th Edition
activation energy (Ea)
The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)
Naturally occurring amines isolated from plants.
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
Organic bases that have the functional group —NR2, where R may be H, an alkyl group, or an aromatic group. (24.4)
A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable
The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.
The wave function (?) of an electron in an atom. (7.5)
A series of reactions in which one reaction initiates the next. (Section 21.7)
The species formed when a base accepts a proton from an acid
An imaginary network of points on which the repeating motif of a solid may be imagined to be laid down so that the structure of the crystal is obtained. The motif may be a single atom or a group of atoms. Each lattice point represents an identical environment in the crystal. (Section 12.2)
A method of problem solving in which units are carried through all calculations. Dimensional analysis ensures that the final answer of a calculation has the desired units. (Section 1.6)
Strands of a polymer that are generated when the polymer is heated, forced through small holes, and then cooled.
law of mass action
The rules by which the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of the concentrations of reactants and products, in accordance with the balanced chemical equation for the reaction. (Section 15.2)
Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the left.
nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.
The product formed when a nucleoside is coupled to a phosphate group
A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)
A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene
An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.
A double-helix model for the secondary structure of a DNA molecule